How can even left-libertarian warmongers think that “open borders” mean freedom? As Hans-Hermann Hoppe reminds us, borders are the essence of private property, and therefore freedom. It takes a huge state to maintain open borders. Here is the original, revolutionary Hoppe article on immigration, which changed the movement. See also this and this (pdf).3:45 pm on January 10, 2004 Email Llewellyn H. Rockwell, Jr.