Early Cold War Background Sources


CNN Cold War:  Comrades 1917-1945 (a good introductory overview)

The Origins of the Cold War

CNN Cold War: Iron Curtain 1945-1947 – Documentary

George Kennan’s “Long Telegram” to the State Department

The Sources of Soviet Conduct” (1947) — George Kennan article

Truman Doctrine: PRESIDENT HARRY S. TRUMAN’S ADDRESS BEFORE A JOINT SESSION OF CONGRESS, MARCH 12, 1947

CNN Cold War: Marshall Plan 1947-1952 Documentary

Col. L Fletcher Prouty: Secret Team – The Formation & Purpose of The NSC – PT 1 of 4

Col. L Fletcher Prouty: Secret Team – The CIA’s Origins Of Covert Operations – PT 2 of 4

Col. L Fletcher Prouty: Secret Team – Covert Operations & Their Consequences – PT 3 of 4

Col. L Fletcher Prouty: Secret Team – Conclusion – PT 4 of 4

Colonel Prouty served as Chief of Special Operations for the Joint Chiefs of Staff under President John F. Kennedy. He spent 9 of his 23 year military career in the Pentagon (1955-1964): 2 years with the Secretary of Defense, 2 years with the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and 5 years with Headquarters, U.S. Air Force. In 1955 he was appointed the first “Focal Point” officer between the CIA and the Air Force for Clandestine Operations per National Security Council Directive 5412. He was Briefing Officer for the Secretary of Defense (1960-1961), and for the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. At times he would be called to meet with CIA director Allen Dulles and Secretary of State John Foster Dulles at their homes on highly classified business. He was assigned to attend MKULTRA meetings.

RELEASE OF THE DULLES-JACKSON-CORREA REPORT

The Dulles–Jackson–Correa Report — Wikipedia entry

The Dulles–Jackson–Correa Report (also known as Intelligence Survey Group (ISG) and the Dulles Report) was one of the most influential evaluations of the functioning of the United States Intelligence Community, and in particular, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). The report focused primarily on the coordination and organization of the CIA and offered suggestions that refined the US intelligence effort in the early stages of the Cold War.

Report, “American Relations With The Soviet Union” by Clark Clifford [“Clifford-Elsey Report”], September 24, 1946. Conway Files, Truman Papers.

The Secret Team: The CIA and Its Allies in Control of the United States and the World — Book by Colonel Leroy Fletcher Prouty

Ideology — The Cold War

American Machiavelli: James Burnham Reveals How Our Oligarchy Rules — Daniel McCarthy article

The CIA and the Nazis – Documentary

The Secret Treaty of Fort Hunt — Carl Oglesby article

America’s Nazi Secret with Author John Loftus — Video Interview

NATO’s Secret Armies: Operation GLADIO and Terrorism in Western Europe — Book by Daniele Ganser

Hitler’s Shadow: Nazi War Criminals, U.S. Intelligence, and the Cold War — Book by Richard Breitman and Norman J.W. Goda

National Security Council Directive on Office of Special Projects

“A Report to the National Security Council – NSC 68”, April 12, 1950. President’s Secretary’s File, Truman Papers

NSC-68 Wikipedia entry

Why the Futile Crusade — Leonard Liggio article

The Foreign Policy of the Old Right — Murray N. Rothbard article

The American Empire– Garet Garrett article

Senator Joseph McCarthy — Amazon book list

JOSEPH MCCARTHY, WHEELING SPEECH, WEST VIRGINIA, FEBRUARY 9, 1950

McCarthyism and the Second Red Scare — Landon R. Y. Storrs article

The CIA Versus Joe McCarthy – Charles Burris article

CNN Cold War: Reds 1948-1953 – Documentary

Blacklist: Hollywood On Trial — Documentary

Hollywood’s Missing Movies Why American films have ignored life under communism — Kenneth Lloyd Billingsley article

Dalton Trumbo and the Hollywood Blacklist — Jacob G. Hornberger article

Reds and Radicals in Hollywood — Jack R. Fischel article

When Bogie and Bacall Were Duped by Hollywood Communists — Paul Kengor article

Hollywood’s Red Decade — J.R. Dunn article

Remembering When Hollywood Was Radical –Paula Rabinowitz article

Hollywood Commies — Amazon book/DVD list

Paul Robeson: Here I Stand — Documentary

To You Beloved Comrade — Paul Robeson on the death of Josef Stalin

OSS, CIA and European Unity: The American Committee on United Europe, 1948-60 — Richard J. Aldrich article

Euro-Federalists Financed by US Spy Chiefs — Ambrose Evans-Pritchard article

The Ford Foundation and the CIA: A Documented Case of Philanthropic Collaboration with the Secret Police — James Petras article

In the Pay of the CIA – Documentary

The CIA and the Media — Carl Bernstein article

The CIA and the Media: 50 Facts the World Needs to Know — James F. Tracy article

Operation Mockingbird.

In 1948 Frank Wisner was appointed director of the Office of Special Projects. Soon afterwards it was renamed the Office of Policy Coordination (OPC). This became the espionage and counter-intelligence branch of the Central Intelligence Agency. Wisner was told to create an organization that concentrated on “propaganda, economic warfare; preventive direct action, including sabotage, anti-sabotage, demolition and evacuation measures; subversion against hostile states, including assistance to underground resistance groups, and support of indigenous anti-Communist elements in threatened countries of the free world.”

Later that year Wisner established Mockingbird, a program to influence the domestic American media. Wisner recruited Philip Graham (Washington Post) to run the project within the industry. Graham himself recruited others who had worked for military intelligence during the war. This included James Truitt, Russell Wiggins, Phil Geyelin, John Hayes and Alan Barth. Others like Stewart Alsop, Joseph Alsop and James Reston, were recruited from within the Georgetown Set. According to Deborah Davis, the author of Katharine the Great (1979) : “By the early 1950s, Wisner ‘owned’ respected members of the New York Times, Newsweek, CBS and other communications vehicles.”

The Georgetown Set

Literary Magazines for Socialists Funded by the CIA, Ranked — Patrick Iber article

Exclusive: The Paris Review, the Cold War and the CIA — Joel Whitney article

Hijack: The CIA and Literary Culture — Antony Loewenstein article

Modern Art Was CIA ‘Weapon — Frances Stonor Saunders article

The Cultural Cold War: The CIA and the World of Arts and Letters — Book by Frances Stonor Saunders

Art and the CIA — Richard Cummings article

I’m Glad the CIA is ‘Immoral’ — Thomas W. Braden article

How the CIA Bamboozled The Public For 70 YearsCharles Burris article

“I’m Convinced That The Whole National Review Is A CIA Operation” — Murray Rothbard — Charles Burris article

The Phony Legacy of William F. Buckley, Jr. — Charles Burris article

The New York Intellectuals and the Invention of Neoconservatism — Denis Boneau article

Neoconservatism and the CIA — Greg Pavlik article

Conservatism: The CIA’s Synthetic Movement– Amazon book list

The Cold War: Soviet Communism’s Murderous Legacy — Amazon book list

Utopia in Blood – Red Delusions and Nightmare Reality — Amazon book list

Witness — book by Whittaker Chambers

Stalin’s Secret Agents: The Subversion of Roosevelt’s Government — Book by M. Stanton Evans and Herbert Romerstein

Venona: Decoding Soviet Espionage in America — Book by Harvey Klehr and John Earl Hayes

The Venona secret US army project of the 1940’s was a monumental achievement in this history of American code breaking and one of the America’s most closely guarded secrets. This book exposes the greatest domestic counter-espionage operation that has ever been launched against the Soviet Union.

“VENONA and Cold War Historiography in the Academic World” –Harvey Klehr, 2005 NSA Cryptologic History Symposium

Dr. John Earl Haynes on Communism, Espionage, and Subversion.

Excellent archive of articles, books, and speeches by one of most authoritative experts on Soviet espionage, counter-intelligence and KGB/GRU penetration of American domestic institutions.

In Denial: Historians,Communism & Espionage — Book by John Earl Haynes and Harvey Klehr.

Left-wing historians’ sympathy for American communism is an example of ideological bias and self-deception comparable to Holocaust denial, according to this uncompromising manifesto. Haynes and Klehr, historians and authors of The Secret World of American Communism, rehash major Cold War controversies-including Moscow’s financial subsidies to the American Communist Party, the espionage cases against the Rosenbergs and Alger Hiss, and American communists’ support for the Hitler-Stalin pact-in light of material from recently opened Soviet archives. But their focus is on the response of what they see as a left-wing “revisionist” academic establishment to new revelations about Stalin’s crimes and American communists’ subservience to Moscow.

The Roots of American Communism — Book by Theodore Draper.

In this definitive history of the evolution of the Communist party in America—from its early background through its founding in 1919 to its emergence as a legal entity in the 1920s—Theodore Draper traces the native and foreign strains that comprised the party, its shifting policies, and its secret as well as its open activities. He makes clear how the party in its infancy “was transformed from a new expression of American radicalism to the American appendage of a Russian revolutionary power.”

“An outstanding contribution to knowledge and understanding of the Communist movement in this country.”—George F. Kennan.

“Provides the indispensable foundations for any understanding of American communism. Mr. Draper has unraveled the knotted threads of factionalism…and has presented the story with clarity, insight, and objectivity. He has woven all aspects—doctrinal, organizational, personal—into a coherent critical narrative.”—Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., New York Times.

“An uncommonly good book.”—Sidney Hook.

The Secret World of American Communism — Book by Harvey Klehr, John Earl Haynes, and Fridrikh Igorevich Firsov.

For the first time, the hidden world of American communism can be examined with the help of documents from the recently opened archives of the former Soviet Union. Interweaving narrative and documents, the authors of this book present a convincing new picture of the Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA), providing proof that it was involved in espionage and other subversive activities. At the same time, they disclose fascinating details about the workings of the party and about the ordinary Americans and CPUSA leaders who participated in its clandestine activities.

“A formidable achievement in archival research. No one will be able to write about the cpusa in the future without reference to this volume.”-Maurice Isserman, Nation

“A memorable, powerful book. . . . One of this year’s most significant books about twentieth-century American political history.”-David J. Garrow, New York Newsday

“This book contains the first new revelation about American Communism in a generation. It is superbly edited and admirably presented. No one interested in the history of the American Communism can afford to miss it.”-Theodore Draper Harvey Klehr, the Samuel Candler Dobbs Professor of Politics at Emory University, is also the author of The Heyday of American Communism. John Earl Haynes is a specialist in twentieth-century American history at the Library of Congress. Fridrikh Igorevich Firsov is formerly of the Comintern Archive at the Russian Center for the Preservation and Study of Documents of Recent History

The Soviet World of American Communism — Book by Harvey Klehr and John Earl Haynes

Drawing on documents newly available from Russian archives, this important book conclusively demonstrates the continuous and intimate ties between the Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA) and Moscow. Digging even deeper than the authors` earlier volume, The Secret World of American Communism, it conclusively demonstrates that the CPUSA was little more than a pawn of the Soviet regime.

Spies: The Rise and Fall of the KGB in America — Book by Harvey Klehr, John Earl Haynes, and Alexander Vassillev

This stunning book, based on KGB archives that have never come to light before, provides the most complete account of Soviet espionage in America ever written. In 1993, former KGB officer Alexander Vassiliev was permitted unique access to Stalin-era records of Soviet intelligence operations against the United States. Years later, living in Britain, Vassiliev retrieved his extensive notebooks of transcribed documents from Moscow. With these notebooks John Earl Haynes and Harvey Klehr have meticulously constructed a new, sometimes shocking, historical account.

Along with general insights into espionage tactics and the motives of Americans who spied for Stalin, Spies resolves specific, long-seething controversies. The book confirms, among many other things, that Alger Hiss cooperated with Soviet intelligence over a long period of years, that journalist I. F. Stone worked on behalf of the KGB in the 1930s, and that Robert Oppenheimer was never recruited by Soviet intelligence. Spies also uncovers numerous American spies who were never even under suspicion and satisfyingly identifies the last unaccounted for American nuclear spies. Vassiliev tells the story of the notebooks and his own extraordinary life in a gripping introduction to the volume.

Early Cold War Spies: The Espionage Trials that Shaped American Politics (Cambridge Essential Histories) — Book by John Earl Haynes and Harvey Klehr

Communism was never a popular ideology in America, but the vehemence of American anticommunism varied from passive disdain in the 1920s to fervent hostility in the early years of the Cold War. Nothing so stimulated the white hot anticommunism of the late 1940s and 1950s more than a series of spy trials that revealed that American Communists had co-operated with Soviet espionage against the United States and had assisted in stealing the technical secrets of the atomic bomb as well as penetrating the U.S. State Department, the Treasury Department, and the White House itself. This book reviews the major spy cases of the early Cold War (Hiss-Chambers, Rosenberg, Bentley, Gouzenko, Coplon, Amerasia and others) and the often-frustrating clashes between the exacting rules of the American criminal justice system and the requirements of effective counter-espionage.

Secret Cables of the Comintern, 1933-1943 — Book by Fridrikh Igorevich Firsov, Harvey Klehr, John Earl Haynes, and Lynn Visson

Drawing on secret and therefore candid coded telegraphs exchanged between Communist Party leaders around the world and their overseers at the Communist International (Comintern) headquarters in Moscow, this book uncovers key aspects of the history of the Comintern and its significant role in the Stalinist ruling system during the years 1933 to 1943. New information on aspects of the People’s Front in France, civil wars in Spain and China, World War II, and the extent of the Comintern’s cooperation with Soviet intelligence is brought to light through these archival records, never examined before.

The Amerasia Spy Case: Prelude to McCarthyism — Book by Harvey Klehr and Ronald Radosh

The Amerasia affair was the first of the great spy cases of the postwar era. In June 1945, six people associated with the magazine Amerasia were arrested by the FBI and accused of espionage on behalf of the Chinese Communists. But only two, the editor of Amerasia and a minor government employee, were convicted of any offense, and their convictions were merely for unauthorized possession of government documents. Harvey Klehr and Ronald Radosh provide a full-scale history of the first public drama featuring charges that respectable American citizens had spied for the Communists.The Amerasia case remained a staple in American political life for the next half-decade. It provoked charges by conservatives of a cover-up of extensive Communist infiltration of the government and accusations by liberals of a witch-hunt designed to intimidate the press. And it played a significant role in the hearings held to examine Senator Joseph McCarthy’s charge that the State Department had been infiltrated by a clique of ‘card carrying Communists.’ Klehr and Radosh, the first researchers to have obtained the FBI files on the case, show that a cover-up was indeed orchestrated by prominent government officials.

Messengers From Moscow: East – Documentary

This program examines the myth of monolithic Communism; the rise of Mao and Communism in China in 1949; the background of the Kremlin’s role in the Korean War; the death of Josef Stalin and the rise of Khrushchev in the Soviet Union; the Chinese reaction to Khrushchev’s secret speech condemning Stalin and the cult of personality at the 20th Party Congress in 1956; the horrific tragedy of the Great Leap Forward in the cost of lives; and the Sino-Soviet Split between the People’s Republic of China and the USSR.

Report on the Covert Activities of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) — The Doolittle Report 1954.

The Report on the Covert Activities of the Central Intelligence Agency (The Doolittle Report) is a 69-page formerly classified comprehensive study on the personnel, security, adequacy, and efficacy of the Central Intelligence Agency written by Lieutenant General James H. Doolittle. United States President Dwight Eisenhower requested the report in July 1954 at the height of the Cold War and following coups in Iran and Guatemala. The report compares with other contemporary Cold War documents such as George Kennan‘s “X” article in Foreign Affairs, which recommended a policy of “containment” rather than direct confrontation with the Soviet Union, and NSC-68, the secret policy document produced in 1950, which recommended a similarly restrained policy of “gradual coercion.”

Doolittle wrote with an abandon-all-principles approach that conveyed the national fear that the United States faced the prospect of annihilation at the hands of the Soviet Union: “It is now clear that we are facing an implacable enemy whose avowed objective is world domination by whatever means and at whatever cost,” Doolittle wrote. “There are no rules in such a game… If the United States is to survive, long standing concepts of ‘fair play’ must be reconsidered.” Doolittle’s forceful policy and language reflected the fear that motivated American citizens and policymakers in the wake of Soviet communism.

Secrets, Lies, and Atomic Spies — Documentary

Secrets, Lies, and Atomic Spies — Transcript

The One-Time Pad

Mind Control: America’s Secret War — Documentary

It is one of the ill-kept secrets of America’s intelligence agencies — for decades, they have worked virtually non-stop to perfect means of controlling the human mind. But while many have suspected the existence of these projects, the details have long been preserved. Mind Control blows the lid off years of chilling experiments, drawing on documents reluctantly released through the Freedom of Information Act and interviews with some of the victims, including a woman whose past was literally taken away.

Hear from John Marks, the author of In Search of the Manchurian Candidate, who broke the story of the CIA’s abuses by unraveling the mysteries contained in financial records. All the other records pertaining to the experiments were destroyed by the agency in an attempt to prevent the details from ever being known.

I met John Marks in 1983 and discussed his book and the dangerous consequences of mind control with him.

Bad Trip to Edgewood – Documentary

An ITV Yorkshire (UK) documentary originally broadcast in 1993 about the secret chemical experiments carried out at Edgewood Arsenal on unsuspecting volunteers from the US military.

The Secret History of Fort Detrick, the CIA’s Base for Mind Control Experiments Stephen Kinzer article

Mission: Mind Control — Documentary.

This 1979 ABC News documentary delves into the CIA’s secret MKULTRA project which experimented with various purported mind control techniques including giving soldiers and others LSD and various other drug concoctions.

The Search for the Manchurian Candidate – The CIA and Mind Control — Book by John Marks.

A ‘Manchurian Candidate’ is an unwitting assassin brainwashed and programmed to kill. In this book, former State Department officer John Marks tells the explosive story of the CIA’s highly secret program of experiments in mind control. His curiosity first aroused by information on a puzzling suicide. Marks worked from thousands of pages of newly released documents as well as interviews and behavioral science studies, producing a book that ‘accomplished what two Senate committees could not’ (Senator Edward Kennedy).

“Perhaps the most compelling, well-researched, organized and well-written account of CIA operations ever.” (Progressive);

“A comprehensive, detailed and thoroughly readable account of the CIA safehouses, the brainwashing experiments, the involvement of the universities.” (Washington Monthly)

I met John Marks in 1983 and discussed his book and the dangerous consequences of mind control with him.

Acid Dreams The Complete Social History of LSD: The CIA, The Sixties, and Beyond — Book by Martin A. Lee and Bruce Shlain

Operation Mind Control– Book by Walter Bowart

Operation Mind Control — an investigative report into government mind control through the use of drugs such as LSD, behavior modification, hypnosis, and other “psycho-weapons”. Bowarts «Operation Mind Control: The Cryptocracys Plan to Psychocivilize You» is a classic in the annals of conspiracy research. It is a disturbing account of the secret use of mind control technology, by a secret government (or «cryptocracy»), with an aim to pacifying whole populations and furthering private global-investment strategies.

Meticulously researched and well-written, it remains – even today – one of the best books on the topic.

The Ghost: The Secret Life Of CIA Spymaster James Jesus Angleton — Book by Jefferson Morley

The James Angleton Phenomenon — David Robarge article

The Diabolic Confession of James Jesus Angelton — Charles Burris article

Cold War Movies — an Amazon DVD list. The precarious “shock and awe” doctrine of preemptive war has become increasingly dominant in national security policy circles.These classic films on the Cold War have again regained a striking relevance and importance. Let them both entertain and educate you on the vital issues of war, espionage, and the deadly terror of nuclear weapons of mass destruction.

 

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10:39 am on September 8, 2020

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