If you live on the West Coast, you know that the fault lines there are pretty active right now. You may even be dealing with regular aftershocks from the two major quakes last week.
I’ve written a detailed article about what you should do to survive an earthquake if you find yourself in the midst of things, but what should you do before the shaking begins?
Between some awesome comments on this site, my own experiences with earthquakes, and a bit of research, here are some tips to help you prepare for an earthquake. And this isn’t just for people in California – folks near oil fields where fracking is taking place have experienced a huge uptick in tremors and the New Madrid fault running through the MidSouth is a ticking time bomb. (The 150-mile (240 km) long fault system, which extends into five states, stretches southward from Cairo, Illinois; through Hayti, Caruthersville and New Madrid in Missouri; through Blytheville into Marked Tree in Arkansas. It also covers a part of West Tennessee, near Reelfoot Lake, extending southeast into Dyersburg. source)
Make sure to have the basics in place.
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- Part of it is just like getting ready for any other disaster. You want to have food, water, and other essential supplies to last for at least two weeks in the event your area is cut off from supplies.
- Expect to lose water, power, and heat. Prep accordingly.
- Expect to be stranded – in many places roads will crack, shift, or be covered by rockslides.
- You may not be able to buy food, gasoline, or water locally. The stores will be dealing with the same issues you are.
The following steps will help you prepare for an earthquake.
Below, find some tips to get yourself prepped specifically for an earthquake.
- Teach kids to drop, cover, and hang on.
- Reduce the risk of things falling. Secure shelving units and large furniture items to walls. If you have kitchenware in open shelves, install a lip to make it more difficult for the items to crash to the floor.
- Store your heaviest items down low. For example, my cast iron cookware will forever live in the bottom of my stove.
- When hanging pictures, hang from closed hooks and add putty to the corners for extra security. Always secure the artwork to a wall stud.
- Don’t hang heavy objects over sofas or beds – go with soft art like tapestries.
- When hanging things like plants or lanterns from the ceiling, locate a stud for the hook. Once you’ve hung the item from the hook, squeeze the hook closed with pliers.
- If you have decorative items, secure them to shelves in your curio cabinet using a little bit of putty.
- Learn how to turn off both the gas and water to your home well before you ever need to do so.
- Develop the habit of keeping hard-soled shoes beside your bed in case you have to get up in the middle of the night and walk through broken glass.
- If you’re a canner, like me, take extra steps to protect your jars. I had a pantry with a lip on the outside edge and added hooks to the walls at each end of the shelves. To those hooks, I attached bungee cords for some added protection. Not pretty but it was inside a closed pantry.
- Place fire extinguishers around your home and make sure all family members know how to use them. Fires are very common after earthquakes. The most famous post-earthquake fire happened in San Francisco after a lantern got knocked over. That fire spread throughout the earthquake-ravaged city.
- Make sure your homeowner’s or rental insurance policy covers earthquake damage. Most do not. If yours doesn’t, you may want to expand your policy.
- Install child safety latches on cupboard doors to keep the contents inside where they belong.
- Don’t put beds under windows. They’re safest against interior walls.
- Consider applying safety film to your windows. This does double duty by making it more difficult for someone to break your window to get into your home.
- Make sure all gas appliances have flexible lines. They’re less likely to crack and break during an earthquake.
- Consider a sturdy kitchen table – definitely not a glass one – to provide a place to take cover.
- Be ready for a lack of communication. You may not have internet, cable, or phone service for quite some time. Consider a battery operated radio to get news and announcements.
There are more major adjustments you can make to your home to stabilize it:
- Have your chimney checked for stability and safety; this is particularly important if your home was built before 1960.
- Have a professional make sure your home is bolted to the foundation; this is particularly important if your home was built before 1935.
- If your home is built on a raised foundation, make sure your home has shear plywood walls in the crawlspace, rather than older-style cripple walls.
- If you have slopes or a hillside in your backyard, consider installing a retaining wall to stabilize the area and help to prevent landslides.
- If you have slopes or a hillside on your property, you may also want to consider installing artificial grass to manage erosion and runoff to help prevent landslides.
- Bolt your water heater in place, and install a water heater strap to keep it secure.
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In the event of an earthquake, concrete is highly likely to crack, which may cause obstructions that prevent you from accessing parts of your yard or getting your car out of your driveway.
Because concrete slabs are almost guaranteed to crack if a significant earthquake occurs, this property damage is sure to lead to expensive repairs, which will likely include replacing your entire driveway or patio.
Replacing concrete patios, driveways and walkways with a stronger, more resilient option – like paving stones– can save you headaches and repair costs later on and make recovering from a natural disaster a little less stressful.
Pavers provide better weight distribution than concrete, as well as more flexibility and resilience when the earth moves.
If a paving stone patio or driveway is damaged during an earthquake, the zipper-like way pavers go together makes it much easier and less expensive to replace just the damaged pavers while leaving the rest of the hardscape intact. (source)
Reprinted with permission from The Organic Prepper.