Swords Into Plowshares... Best Price: $4.00 Buy New $15.99 (as of 11:36 EST - Details) The dollar has been a stalwart of international trade over the majority of the last century. Around the time of the formation of the Eurozone, it reached its recent peak at 71.0% of official foreign exchange reserves. Since then, its composition of global reserves has more recently dropped to a more modest 62.9% in 2014.
However, the dollar is slowly losing its status as the world’s undisputed reserve currency. This is not an unusual event as far as history goes. In fact, about every century or so since the Renaissance, the global reserve currency has shifted. Portugal, Spain, The Netherlands, France, and Britain have had dominant currencies at different times.
Today’s infographic shows that the wind is shifting in international trade. China is at the epicenter and is making progress in cutting deals outside of the U.S. dollar framework. Deals shown in the graphic are currency flows When Money Dies: The N... Best Price: $1.97 Buy New $10.08 (as of 10:10 EST - Details) between countries that have abandoned the dollar in bilateral trade, as well as countries that are considering such measures.
The most recent culmination of these trends is the creation of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), a China-led rival to the World Bank and IMF that includes 57 founding countries and $100 billion of capital. The United States is not a member and has actively lobbied its allies to avoid joining due to perceived governance issues.
Other recent deals by China include: a 30-year $400 billion energy alliance with Russia, a second energy deal focusing on natural gas worth $284 billion with Russia, and a deal removing tariffs on 85% of Australian commodity Against the State: An ... Best Price: $5.02 Buy New $5.52 (as of 11:35 EST - Details) exports to China. Further, China and Russia have agreed to pay each other in domestic currencies in order to bypass the U.S. dollar.
It is not only the Chinese that are starting to question the viability of the dollar. A report in 2010 by the United Nations called for the abandonment of the U.S. dollar as the single reserve currency. The Gulf Cooperation Council has also expressed desires for an independent reserve currency.
In the short term, especially with a crashing Chinese stock market and fledgling Eurozone, the dollar will likely reign supreme. It’s also unlikely for the yuan to make its way into foreign coffers so long as capital controls remain in place and the country’s bond market is not open or transparent to offshore investors. However, it is clear that there are more countries and organizations engaging in trade that purposefully bypasses the dollar. Further, Beijing is currently mulling ways to internationalize the yuan, and each step it takes will take China closer to challenging dollar hegemony.
Original graphic by: Sputnik
Reprinted with permission from Visual Capitalist.