We are all morning or evening people. Scientists
have established that our genes dictate around half of what they
call our chronotypes our natural preference for
certain times of the day.
Evolution has produced a range of humans capable
of being alert to danger at every hour of the day. Our experience
confirms these findings. We all know people who love to be at work
bright and early, with a cup of coffee to hand and decisions to
make, and others who would rather stumble through the day until
reaching a state of relaxed clarity around dusk, when their minds
The problem is that those with the genetic gift
of morning-ness tend to be more highly rewarded. Morning-ness
is perceived as a sign of activity and zest, whereas evening-ness
implies laziness and loafing. How often did we have to see David
Cameron on one of his early-morning runs to get the idea that here
was a leader of potency and vigour? How different would it have
been if he slunk out of bed to work, then exercised at around 8pm?
Could a Prime Minister be elected today who worked like Churchill,
reading, writing and thinking in bed before getting out of it at
History is full of great bores praising the virtues
of early rising, but few have made the case for letting the day
drift by until you kick into gear around happy hour.
Yet the research continues to mount, arguing that
evening people have qualities which should be nurtured. They tend
to be more creative, intelligent, humorous and extroverted. They
are the balance to morning people, who are said to be more optimistic,
proactive and conscientious.
Evening and morning are the right and left sides
of our brain, the creative and the analytical, both of which we
need to organise, process and advance our lives.
New research by Christoph Randler, a biology professor
at the University of Education at Heidelberg, however, concludes
that morning people are more likely to succeed in their careers
because they are more proactive than evening people.
He surveyed 367 university students, asking them
when they were most energetic and willing to change a situation.
It was the morning people who were more likely to agree with statements
such as I feel in charge of making things happen and
I spend time identifying long-range goals for myself.
Discussing his research in the Harvard Business
Review, Randler says: When it comes to business success,
morning people hold the important cards. My earlier research showed
that they tend to get better grades in school, which gets them into
better colleges, which then leads to better job opportunities. Morning
people also anticipate problems and try to minimise them. They’re