• The Making of Capricorn One

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    Fifteen years
    before The
    made government conspiracy a way of life, there
    was Capricorn
    . Born from post-Watergate angst and television’s increasing
    technological versatility, the film remains an effective thriller
    and adventure story, tightly-written and tautly directed by Peter
    Hyams, wherein the idea of government secrets to be kept at any
    cost is even more viable today than it was in 1978.

    In the story,
    Colonel Charles Brubaker (James Brolin), Lt. Col. Peter Willis (Sam
    Waterston) and Commander John Walker (O.J. Simpson) are set to be
    NASA’s best hope for sending a manned mission to Mars when, in the
    middle of the countdown, the three astronauts are removed from the
    capsule as the mission continues without them. They listen as they
    are transported to a remote desert base; they hear themselves from
    previous mission rehearsals give the pre-launch litany and hear
    as world news announces the launch of the world’s first manned mission
    to the red planet. Once ensconced in the secret base, NASA director
    James Kelloway (Hal Holbrook) explains the bizarre situation: it
    was discovered in run-throughs that the Capricorn life-support systems
    would have failed, killing the astronauts. Scrapping the mission
    is out of the question, as it would be the last nail in the coffin
    for NASA, as interest in and continued funding of the space program
    had begun to take a nose-dive. To save the program, Kelloway has
    been working with a secret team to fake the mission.

    At first refusing
    to go along with the scheme, the astronauts are told that if they
    don’t, a bomb on the plane carrying their families will be set off.
    With no other way to turn, Brubaker, Willis and Walker go along
    with the ruse, but finally can’t take the increasing guilt of the
    lie they are helping to perpetrate. Their final decision is made
    for them when the Capricorn capsule malfunctions on its faked reentry
    as the world watches. As far as the rest of the planet knows, all
    aboard were killed. To keep the secret, Kelloway and his associates
    have no other alternative than to kill the astronauts. Brubaker,
    Willis and Walker escape in the jet that brought them, but run out
    of gas and have to go their separate ways in the desert as NASA-hired
    assassins follow, killing Willis and Walker while Brubaker continues
    on his trek to find a populated area.

    reporter Bob Caulfield (Elliot Gould) takes a tip from mission control
    technician Elliot Whitter, who says the transmissions that the astronauts
    are making back to Earth couldn’t possibly have come from deep space.
    When Whitter disappears and Caulfield is nearly framed for drug
    possession, the reporter discovers the plot and saves Brubaker with
    the help of a crop dusting pilot (Telly Savalas) to return the last
    living member of the Capricorn One crew to the public as Kelloway,
    Brubaker’s wife and all the networks look on.

    The story
    developed years before, when Peter Hyams, then working at CBS’s
    Boston office, was helping to cover the Apollo moon shots. While
    working there, Hyams witnessed the NASA-constructed simulations
    to be aired on network news, showing the world what was happening
    with the craft in space as it flew to its destination. As Hyams
    watched, he began to notice just how real the simulations looked.

    ‘I grew up
    with parents who believed if it was in newspapers, it was true,’
    says Hyams. ‘I was part of the generation that believed if it was
    on television, it was true. I remember while working at CBS one
    day, looking at the monitor and thinking, ‘Wait a minute! Everybody
    is looking at the simulation. Suppose you did a really good simulation?’
    The NASA moon program was a story with only one camera. Normally,
    all big stories have tons and tons of cameras for thorough coverage.
    Not so with the moon shots. It all had to be done from the studio.
    That raised questions in my mind about how the story could be presented.
    The whole Watergate backlash kicked in. I once said that I owe my
    career to H.R. Haldemann.’

    Due to the
    nature of his work at CBS, Hyams had accessibility to vast amounts
    of NASA research, such as mission books and command module schematics
    from which to draw inspiration. He began writing the script around
    1974–1975, with plans of developing a feature film that he
    would direct himself. By that time, Hyams was established in television
    and feature films as a writer, director and producer on such projects
    as T.R. Baskin, Goodnight My Love and the police drama
    featuring future Capricorn One star Elliott Gould. But in
    the mid-1970s, he directed Fat Chance with Natalie Wood and
    Michael Caine, a movie considered so bad that it was barely released
    under the title Peepers, and nearly put Hyams out of business
    as a filmmaker of any kind. What saved him and his burgeoning project
    was friend Paul Lazarus, producer of Michael Crichton’s Westworld
    and its sequel, Futureworld.

    ‘As happens
    in California when you are a filmmaker and your movie is deemed
    unreleasable, you become ice cold,’ Lazarus says of Hyams’ state
    of being in 1977. ‘Peter said to me, ‘Gosh, I have a couple of scripts,
    but nobody will read them.’ I read them, two of which became films
    I ultimately made with Peter: Capricorn One and Hanover
    . Given where we were in Peter’s career, it was indeed
    true that nobody was interested in a Peter Hyams movie.’

    But the wily
    producer was not about to be stopped by Hollywood’s brick wall.
    Lazarus turned to England when he had a tip that Sir Lew Grade,
    the British impresario whose ITC production company brought forth
    Space: 1999 and such features as Voyage
    of the Damned
    , March
    or Die
    , and The
    Cassandra Crossing
    , might be open for a new project. The
    agent who tipped Lazarus said that if he called the producer at
    5:30 am London time, Grade would answer his own phone, since his
    secretary wouldn’t be in yet.

    ‘I made that
    call,’ says Lazarus, ‘and he seemed surprised to have someone he
    never heard of on the other end of the phone. I told him that I
    had a movie for him, and he said, ‘My plate is completely full.
    What’s the movie about?’his curiosity getting the better of him.
    I told him it was about a phony Mars shot in which the bad guys
    are NASA and the United States government. He took a beat and said,
    ‘Meet me in New York on Sunday and bring your filmmaker. Who is
    it again?’ I told him it was Peter Hyams, to which he said, ‘I’ve
    never heard of him.’ I had this wonderful sigh of relief’Lazarus
    laughs’that he wasn’t going to say, ‘Oh my God! He’s just had an
    unreleasable picture at Fox!”

    The next day,
    Lazarus talked to Hyams, who then talked to his agents, who demanded
    that the only way the director should make the trip from California
    to New York is if Grade sent him a ticket. ‘I said to Peter, ‘Look,
    they’re just playing agent games because they haven’t been able
    to get you any work,’ Lazarus recalls. ‘The truth is Lord Grade
    is not known for his distinguished taste, but he is certainly not
    known as a welsher. If he says he is going to fly us to New York,
    do it! What the hell? You don’t have any other choice.’

    ‘We rang the
    bell at Grade’s hotel that Sunday morning at 9:00 am, and he opens
    the door, standing there in his silk bathrobe with the whitest legs
    I have ever seen in my life, and this enormous Churchill cigar in
    his mouth. He said, ‘Hello boys. You’re the people with the Mars
    shot?’ I said, ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘Wonderful. You have a deal. Thank
    you for coming in.’ We walked out, and Peter said, ‘What does that
    mean?’ I said, ‘I don’t have the foggiest idea! We’ve flown 3000
    miles for a one-sentence meeting!”

    What it turned
    out to mean was that Grade was going to option the story and wanted
    a rewrite, which was as contractually far as he would go at that
    moment. ‘I worked on the rewrite with Peter,’ says Lazarus. ‘We
    submitted it to Grade, who said, ‘Fine. Come to England to meet
    with me.’ We took separate planes because I was in California and
    Peter was in New York. His plane got delayed. I decided to go to
    the meeting anyway because you don’t keep studio heads waiting,
    and if it got too difficult there would always be Peter arriving
    on the next plane.

    ‘So, I went
    to see Grade,’ Lazarus continues, ‘and he said to me, ‘There’s too
    much crawling around in the desert.’ I said, ‘What?’ He said, ‘People
    don’t like to see crawling around in the desert.’ I said, ‘Lew,
    it’s a page of description. It’s less than 15 seconds of screen
    time.’ Then he said, ‘Oh, well, Ok. Then the script’s fine. We’ll
    make it.’ By the time Peter came in, I told him this story, and
    he said, ‘What does that mean?’ I said, ‘I don’t have the foggiest
    idea. My meetings for this project have taken a total of less than
    a minute!”

    From that
    point, Lord Grade’s game was to pre-sell the picture to various
    foreign investors and television networks by creating a package
    of sellable stars. Previous to Capricorn One, all of Grade’s
    productions had been star-basedone popular actor to build a deal
    around but CO was an ensemble piece with eight main characters,
    which didn’t deter the producer at all. Lazarus felt that his role
    at this point in the project’s development was to convince Grade
    that he could sell the film with eight mid-level, recognizable names,
    rather than base the whole production on one huge star. O.J. Simpson
    was one of the first cast, not particularly because of his acting
    abilities, but because he was represented by the agent who had introduced
    Lazarus to Grade in the first place, and the agent wanted his client,
    a recognizable personality who had appeared in Grade’s The Cassandra
    Crossing, to be in the picture.

    the rest of the article

    1, 2010

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