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Professor Thomas E. Woods, Jr. has taken syndicated radio talk show host Mark Levin (picture inset) to task for claiming the President can constitutionally bring the nation to war without the permission of Congress.
Woods argued that Congress has the exclusive power under Article I, Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution to declare war and to make rules for the military. Levin contended that Woods’ argument was "utter nonsense." "He refutes nothing I said," Woods concluded in a March 28 column on LewRockwell.com, "and then declares himself the winner."
The Internet exchange began after Levin, a lawyer and former Justice Department official, assailed Representative Ron Paul for his antiwar stance on the U.S. attack on Libya on his radio show March 25:
I want to repeat this for those out there who write stupid stuff and are a little dense because theyre advancing a dogma rather than an honest assessment of what our history is. You can see some of these morons on television too. The language was originally Congress shall make war. The framers rejected that. And instead replaced make with declare. The president of the United States, well, they made him the commander-in-chief. Now why do you think they did those two things? Out of basic logic. They knew it was a dangerous world hell theyve been in a revolution. And by the way, after the revolution and establishment of our government it wasnt clear still that it would survive given all the threats that we faced.
Levin went on to claim that the President can bring the United States government to war without the permission of Congress, adding that Congress’ power over the purse was a sufficient check to presidential war-making. Levin argued: And as Hamilton pointed out, its the ultimate power the power of the purse. Woods replied:
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Here Levin is trying to claim that the power of Congress over warmaking is confined to the power to de-fund presidential wars. But as long as Levin wants to quote Hamilton, lets quote Hamilton, from Federalist #69:
The President is to be commander-in-chief of the army and navy of the United States. In this respect his authority would be nominally the same with that of the king of Great Britain, but in substance much inferior to it. It would amount to nothing more than the supreme command and direction of the military and naval forces, as first General and admiral of the Confederacy; while that of the British king extends to the declaring of war and to the raising and regulating of fleets and armies all which, by the Constitution under consideration, would appertain to the legislature.
Hamilton elsewhere says that the presidents war powers consist of the direction of war when authorized or begun.
Well, thats pretty much the opposite of Levins view.
In response, Levin published several tweets and Facebook status remarks quoting Alexander Hamilton vaguely referring to the President as the body in charge of actually waging war once Congress declares the war, such as this quote from Federalist #74:
Alexander Hamilton: "Energy in the executive is a leading character in the definition of good government…. It is essential to the protection of the community against foreign attacks."
March 31, 2010