of Global Warming
by Floy Lilley
U.S. vice president, Al Gore, is now urging civil disobedience to
stop coal plants. He told a New York audience recently, "If
you're a young person looking at the future of this planet and looking
at what is being done right now, and not done, I believe we have
reached the stage where it is time for civil disobedience to prevent
the construction of new coal plants that do not have carbon capture
and Reinventing Government have been Gore’s two lifelong causes.
He is using the one to accomplish the other. His fundamental assumptions
and views of global warming were well documented in his film, An
Inconvenient Truth. Thousands of schoolchildren have viewed
it. Gore was even awarded a Nobel Peace prize for the documentary
in 2007 which he shared with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
Change (IPCC). It is telling that the very first Chairman of that
IPCC group, John Houghton, had pronounced, "Unless we announce
disasters, no one will listen." True to script, Gore announced
disasters and many listened.
As Gore urges
civil disobedience to stop coal plants for the sake of carbon dioxide
emissions, it is time to revisit several of those assumptions and
implications he made in An Inconvenient Truth. Each of the
fourteen highlighted here is a snapshot of the Global Warming doomsayers’
views. The added perspective shows the fraud of the catastrophic
manmade Global Warming thesis:
drives the temperature of the planet. Gore assumes that
carbon dioxide (CO2) is the causal factor of warming temperatures.
But, for at least 240,000 years carbon dioxide has been a lagging
indicator of any warming. That means that the earth warms and, later,
there is an increase in the gas carbon dioxide. Roy Spencer, Climate
Research Scientist in Huntsville, Alabama, notes that "the
cooling effects of weather have a stronger influence on surface
temperatures than the warming influence of greenhouse gases."
The major greenhouse gases are water vapor (which accounts for 70–90
percent of the effect), carbon dioxide and methane. Many scientists
work on the theory that the sun is the prime driver of Earth’s climate.
Earth temperature and sun activity do correlate closely. Additionally,
many scientists examine the larger cosmos. Their theories reveal
an interplay between the sun and cosmic rays – sub-atomic particles
from exploded stars. Further, they discern long-term temperature
patterns as our solar system moves through the arms of our Milky
Way galaxy. Again, those events correlate more closely to Earth’s
temperatures than do manmade carbon dioxide levels.
will rise 1.5–4.5 degrees Celsius when CO2 levels double
from a pre-industrial level of 280ppm to 560ppm. Because
Earth’s sensitivity to carbon dioxide changes has been overstated,
the scientifically likely temperature result of such a doubling
is 1.5–2.0 degrees Celsius. Earth’s current CO2 level is 380ppm.
Global Warming will cause sea levels to rise 20 feet. The
work of scientists supports a sea level rise of about one inch per
decade. In one hundred years it should rise 10–12 inches.
Global Warming is forcing island nations to evacuate their populations
to New Zealand because of rising sea levels. Tuvalu was
the poster child for this alarm, but neither Tuvalu nor any other
islanders have evacuated to New Zealand.
Global Warming is melting Antarctic sea ice. But, Antarctic
sea ice is thickening over the gigantic continent. This thickening
reduces sea level. There is ice loss on a tiny sliver of the continent
stretching out far northward. That is what Gore’s movie image relies
upon. The ice shelf collapse there was more likely to have been
driven by ocean current fluctuations.
Global Warming is resulting in extreme weather. Tornadoes?
The US is home to one-third of all the world’s tornadoes. But, tornadoes
have not increased. Drought? There is not greater incidence of drought.
Record typhoons and cyclones? No. Hurricanes? There are about ninety-five
hurricanes annually and globally. But, hurricanes are neither more
frequent nor more intense. In 2004 the IPCC hyped hurricane-fears
without any scientific soundness. Gore’s film footage implies that
hurricane Katrina was an inescapable consequence of manmade globally
averaged warming. Facts do not support that alarm.
Global Warming has caused global temperatures to be warmer now than
they have been in 1,000 years. Gore’s graph displays a long
level period ending in an upward sweep like a hockey stick, displaying
the appearance of runaway temperatures. A young IPCC scientist named
Mann created this hockey stick graph for a 2001 report, making the
real Medieval Warm Period and the Little Ice Age disappear. It was
an enormously effective prop. Alarmists used it for their the-science-is-settled
position. It made the 20th-century temperature increase
look unique. But, Mann’s methodology would have conjured any random
set of numbers into a hockey stick. And, the temperature increase
was not unique. In 2006 the National Academy of Sciences issued
a report stating that this graph used flawed data. The IPCC has
dropped the use of the Mann hockey stick from its 2007 Report. But,
this piece of deliberate disinformation caused great damage to truth
Global Warming has dried up Lake Chad. Lake Chad has been
totally dry several times before humans were adding any CO2. That
situation is due to over-extraction by communities.
Global Warming has been shrinking the snows of Kilimanjaro. By
the time Ernest Hemingway wrote The
Snows of Kilimanjaro in 1936, half of the snow was already
gone. This is before man began releasing CO2 into the atmosphere
to any extent by burning fuels for energy. No temperature on the
mountain is above freezing. There has been no temperature change
in fifty-five years. Shrinking is likely to be a circulation issue
and lower precipitation, not a rising temperature issue.
Global Warming increases mosquito-borne malaria. Malaria
was endemic to most of the developed world just fifty to one hundred
years ago. We eliminated malaria in Europe and the United States
while the world warmed. 600,000 people died of malaria in Siberia.
Malaria sickens 300 to 500 million poor people annually, killing
as many as 2.7 million each year. In sub-Saharan Africa, one in
20 children dies of malaria. The approximately forty million humans
killed by malaria since 1972 have died because a politician, William
Ruckelshaus, as the Environmental Protection Agency’s first head,
banned the beneficial pesticide DDT.
Global Warming is quickly melting Arctic sea ice. Arctic
sea ice decreases during the summer melt season, and Arctic temperatures
have risen faster than anywhere else. But, the Arctic region was
warmer in the 1930’s. That could not have been caused by mankind.
And, Artic sea ice has recovered from 3 million square kilometers
to 14 million square kilometers. Ice-cover around the Bering Strait
and Alaska has more recently been at its highest level ever recorded.
Global Warming is killing polar bears. Factually, that claim
was based on a single sighting of four dead bears the day after
an "abrupt windstorm" in an area housing one of the increasing
bear populations. Global polar-bear population has increased dramatically
over the past decades.
Global Warming is melting Greenland’s ice. Greenland has
been warmer. Its ice did not melt – except around its edges. There
has been no net warming – and perhaps a slight cooling – since 1937.
Vikings colonized and farmed Greenland during the Medieval Warm
Period. The return of colder climate drove them away.
for An Inconvenient Truth,
Global Warming has caused mass extinctions. Warming extends
ranges for plant and animal species. Biodiversity is enhanced. That’s
why the greatest concentration of biodiversity is in the tropics.
Higher concentrations of carbon dioxide are shown to increase plant
production, while lowering water requirements and reducing stress.
Animals thrive on more abundant plant-life. Enriched CO2 has yielded
an additional one-sixth production which would not have happened
in its absence.
Each of these
fourteen scenarios would have been an environmental bad had it happened
and had it been empirically proven to have been caused by humans.
The alarming events did not happen. The scary scenarios all came
from computer climate models. There has been no empirical proof
substantiating Gore’s claims and implications.
of catastrophic globally averaged warming resulting from human-caused
carbon dioxide increases has failed. Failed hypotheses should be
Global Warming hypothesis fails to show that changes in carbon dioxide
drive changes in temperature. Changes in carbon dioxide do not account
well for the highly variable climate we know the Earth has had,
including the Roman Warming (200 B.C. to A.D. 600), the cold Dark
Ages (A.D. 440 to A.D. 900), the Medieval Warming (A.D. 900–1300
when CO2 levels were much lower than today), and the Little Ice
Age (1300–1550 when there were few sunspots). The catastrophic Global
Warming hypothesis is a feeble theory made seemingly true by pure
Global Warming hypothesis fails to explain the reality of the last
one hundred years. Half of our modern warming occurred from 1905–1940,
when carbon dioxide levels were still quite low. The net warming
since 1940 is a minuscule 0.2 degrees Celsius. An interlude of global
cooling occurred in the 1950s and 1960s, when CO2 levels were increasing.
It totally fails to explain the absence of warming in the last ten
years, despite a continuing rapid increase in CO2 concentration.
If greenhouse action by carbon dioxide drove warming, the upper
air should have warmed faster than the surface, but observations
show the opposite has been the case. Although computer models say
temperatures should have risen, Alabama temperatures have fallen
for 115 years. Citrus crops used to be common. What could you do
about this catastrophe? Buy jackets and get out of the citrus business.
In other words, adapt.
It is fraud
to spread alarmism of catastrophic "human-caused global warming"
based upon projections generated from computer climate models which
have substantial uncertainties and are markedly unreliable. It is
fraud upon fraud to throw scarce resources at Global Warming when
such expenditures will have inconsequential results except to impoverish
us, notwithstanding that Al Gore believes it will be good for our
spirituality to work together on such a common cause. There are
real and achievable global causes of diseases, malnutrition, sanitation
and energy that are valid projects and worthy efforts – efforts
that Bjørn Lomborg endorses in his book, Cool
It. No global efforts toward expensive CO2 cuts are valid
or worthy. Current Climate policies are health and wealth destruction
are claiming that climate can be adjusted in some predictable way,
but it can not. It is fraud to claim that it can. As published in
the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Richard
Lindzen of M.I.T. has conducted studies that thwart the greenhouse
effect. What that means is that "just because the greenhouse
effect is real, it does not follow that an increase in intensity
will necessarily lead to a significant increase in mean global
air temperature, as climate alarmists are wont to claim…Hence it
is not inconceivable that an increase in the atmosphere’s CO2 concentration
may result in no warming at all. Or even a cooling!...Much
more research will be required before we can determine that the
ongoing rise in the air’s CO2 content even constitutes a
problem, much less specify its magnitude and prescribe ameliorative
measures for dealing with it."
attraction of government funding for global-warming research, the
political climate of fear-based policies seen in both climate issues
and economic issues, and doom-sopping journalism works to push events
into a downward spiral of exaggeration and hype. Al Gore rides this
emotional wave. He has refused all debate with climate scientists.
It is after all, for him, not about truth. For him truth is simply
It and Six Other Books to Lower Your Global Warming Fever
It: The Skeptical Environmentalist's Guide to Global Warming
by Bjørn Lomborg (2008) tells us to stop the focus on carbon dioxide
cuts. Stop throwing good resources at global treaties and global
command and control plans. They will have inconsequential results
upon climate. You will fail to do any real good, cautions Lomborg.
Put global warming into perspective. There is useful common sense
packed into this slender and readable work from this Danish environmentalist.
Deniers: The World Renowned Scientists Who Stood Up Against Global
Warming Hysteria, Political Persecution, and Fraud**And those who
are too fearful to do so by Lawrence Solomon (2008) checks
to see if those who differ from the "consensus" claimed
by Gore and the UN really are just crackpots. Surprising himself
with his findings, Solomon's efforts revealed the skeptics to be
more accomplished and more eminent scientists than the Gore &
co. group who have gone along.
Confusion: How Global Warming Hysteria Leads to Bad Science, Pandering
Politicians and Misguided Policies that Hurt the Poor by
Roy Spencer (2008) says that the policies being advocated by environmentalists
and politicians in the frenzy over global warming are sure to fail
and bound to harm people. Governmental funding for research has
predictably created biased scientists, but Washington, too, has
been corrupted by this hyped "problem" and the money being
thrown at it. Spencer shows with a light touch that he knows people
as well as he knows weather.
Global Warming: Every 1,500 Years, Updated and Expanded Edition
by S. Fred Singer and Dennis T. Avery (2008) presents the case
of how the Earth tells its own climate tale. This reasoned perspective
of natural climate change driven by our own sun refutes the alarmists'
baseless fears of man-made global warming caused by increases in
carbon dioxide. The authors argue for humane policy consequences.
Chilling Stars: A Cosmic View of Climate Change by Henrik
Svensmark and Nigel Calder (2008) calls the carbon dioxide theory
feeble and presents a far more robust theory of galactic cosmic
rays. Based upon Svensmark's research at the Danish National Space
Center, The Chilling Stars offers the broadest perspective
yet presented on climate change. If confirmed by further research,
sub-atomic particles from exploded stars affect Earth's climate
more than man-made carbon dioxide.
Consensus: The True State of Global Warming edited by Patrick
J. Michaels (2005) presents essays by climate experts which reveal
what is and what is not known in climate science. Cautioning
that bad policy will result from flawed scientific assumptions,
each expert carefully notes what has been predicted and what has
been observed. Major discrepancies raise major questions about any
policy created to "fight" climate change.
The Predictable Distortion of Global Warming by Scientists, Politicians,
and the Media by Patrick J. Michaels (2005) is a premier
presentation of the cycle and culture of exaggeration. Never shy,
Michaels does tell it like it is. What
he reveals is not professional and is not pretty. Spencer's Climate
Confusion echoes these same sad discoveries of scientific ignorance
on global warming, the two kings still reign:
Lilley [send her mail]
is an adjunct faculty member at the Mises Institute. She was formerly
with the University of Texas at Austin's Chair of Free Enterprise,
and an attorney-at-law in Texas and Florida.
© 2008 LewRockwell.com