Legal Jurisdiction

Letter 1

From: M C <>

Sent: Thursday, July 09, 2020 4:58 PM

To: walter block <>

Subject: Oklahoma supreme court decision

Do you have any links or info on a rothbardian approach to the topic of jurisdiction? For example what happened today with the supreme court. Apparently a rape case went to trial and the defense was oklahoma lacked proper jurisdiction. Never thought about this from a libertarian perspective. Also your quick thoughts or opinion would be enlightening and informative. Thanks!

Off the cuff I think if a rape occurs it wouldnt matter who has jurisdiction but that might be wrong from a pure legal perspective. Not a lawyer haha. Take care.

Letter 2

On Thu, Jul 9, 2020, 8:12 PM Walter Block <> wrote:

Dear Mike:

I think the issue here is not really the (alleged??) rape; that’s just the specific case. The real issue is, who has sovereignty over Eastern Oklahoma. From an anarcho-capitalist Rothbardian point of view, it would be neither the Indian tribe, nor the government of the state of Oklahoma nor the US govt. The jurisdication would be, rather, a private defense agency in the area.

Here’s how I rank the jurisdictional priority

a. a private defense agency in the area.

b. a private defense agency in the area.


d.the US

I pick Oklahoma over the US on grounds of decentralization. I choose the tribe over either level of government because at least so far, they have violated rights far less than these other two

Best regards,


Letter 3

From: M C <>

Sent: Thursday, July 09, 2020 7:15 PM

To: Walter Block <>

Subject: Re: Oklahoma supreme court decision

Interesting. So what would happen if, say, a private defense agency catches a robber in the act, but the victim isn’t a customer. I’d imagine courts would still hear the case and toss out “jurisdiction?”

Letter 4

Dear Mike:

There’s a large literature on how private courts, defense agencies, would operate.

You can start with this:

Murphy, Robert P. 2013. “Where Are the Rothbardian Defense Agencies?” December 14;

Best regards,


Here’s more of a bibliography:


Anderson and Hill, 1979; Benson, 1989, 1990; Block, 2007, 2011; Block and Fleisher, 2010; Casey, D., 2010, 2016; Casey, G., 2012; Chodorov, pp. 216–239; DiLorenzo, 2010; England, 2013; Gregory, 2011; Guillory & Tinsley, 2009; Hasnas, 1995; Heinrich, 2010; Higgs, 2009, 2012, 2013; Hoppe, 2008, 2011; Huebert, 2010; King, 2010; Kinsella, 2009; Long, 2004; McConkey, 2013; Molyneux, 2008; Molyneux and Badnarik, 2009; Murphy, 2005; 2010, 2013A, 2013B, 2014; Paul, 2008; Rockwell, 2014A, 2014B; Rothbard, 1965, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1998; Shaffer, 2012, pp. 224-235; Sloterdijk, 2010; Spooner, 1870; Stringham, 2007; Tannehill, 1984; Tinsley, 1998-1999; Wenzel, 2013

Anderson, Terry and Hill, P.J. 1979. “An American Experiment in Anarcho-Capitalism: The Not So Wild, Wild West,” Journal of Libertarian Studies, 3: 9-29;

Benson, Bruce L. 1989. Enforcement of Private Property Rights in Primitive Societies: Law Without Government,” The Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. IX, No. 1, Winter, pp. 1-26;

Benson, Bruce L. 1990. “Customary Law with Private Means of Resolving Disputes and Dispensing Justice: A Description of a Modern System of Law and Order without State Coercion.” The Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. IX, No. 2,” pp. 25-42;

Block, Walter E. 2007. “Anarchism and Minarchism; No Rapprochement Possible: Reply to Tibor Machan,” Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 21, No. 1, Spring, pp. 91-99;

Block, Walter E. 2011. “Governmental inevitability: reply to Holcombe.” Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 22; pp. 667-688;

Block, Walter E. and Michael Fleischer. 2010. “How Would An Anarchist Society Handle Child Abuse?” October 13;

Casey, Doug. 2010. “Doug Casey on Anarchy.” March 31;

Casey, Doug. 2016.  “Why Do We Need Government?” January 19;

Casey, Gerard. 2012. Libertarian Anarchy: Against the State. Bloomsbury Academic;

Chodorov, Frank. 1962. “Taxation Is Robbery.” Out of Step: The Autobiography of an Individualist, The Devin-Adair Company, New York, pp. 216–239];

DiLorenzo, Thomas J. 2010. “The Culture of Violence in the American West: Myth versus Reality.” The Independent Review, v. 15, n. 2, Fall 2010, pp. 227–239;

England, Randy. 2013.  „The state: what can we replace it with?” March 31;

Gregory, Anthony. 2011. “Abolish the Police.” May 26;

Guillory, Gil & Patrick Tinsley. 2009. “The Role of Subscription-Based Patrol and Restitution in the Future of Liberty,” Libertarian Papers. Vol. 1, No. 12, pp. 1-40;

Hasnas, John. 1995. “The myth of the rule of law.” Wisconsin Law Review 199-235;

Heinrich, David J. 2010. “Justice for All Without the State.” The Libertarian Standard. May 6;

Higgs, Robert. 2009. “Why We Couldn’t Abolish Slavery Then and Can’t Abolish Government Now.” August 20;

Higgs, Robert. 2012. “What is the point of my libertarian anarchism?” January 16;

Higgs, Robert. 2013. “The State—Crown Jewel of Human Social Organization.”

Hoppe, Hans-Hermann. 2018. Getting Libertarianism Right. Auburn, AL: Mises Institute

Hoppe, Hans-Hermann. 2008. “Reflections on the Origin and the Stability of the State.” June 23;

Hoppe, Hans-Hermann. 2011. “State or Private Law Society.” April 10;

Huebert, Jacob. 2010. Libertarianism Today. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger;


King, Seth. 2010. “Daily Anarchist Interviews Walter E. Block,” September 9;

Kinsella, Stephan. 2009. “The Irrelevance of the Impossibility of Anarcho-Libertarianism.” August 20;

Long, Roderick. 2004. “Libertarian Anarchism: Responses to Ten Objections”

McConkey, Michael. 2013. “Anarchy, Sovereignty, and the State of Exception: Schmitt’s Challenge.” The Independent Review, v. 17, n. 3, Winter, pp. 415–428.

Molyneux, Stefan. 2008. “The Stateless Society: An Examination of Alternatives.”

Molyneux, Stefan versus Michael Badnarik. 2009. “How much government is necessary.” July 5

Murphy, Robert P. 2019.  “Austrian School vs. ‘Law & Economics’ on Product Safety.” October 11;

Murphy, Robert P. 2005.  “But Wouldn’t Warlords Take Over?” July 7;

Robert P. 2010. “Overrating Government Service.” March 15;

Murphy, Robert P. 2013A. “Where Are the Rothbardian Defense Agencies?” December 14;

Murphy, Robert P. 2013B. “Drug Gangs and Private Law.” December 17;

Murphy, Robert P. 2014. “Randians versus Rothbardians.” December 22;

Rockwell, Jr., Llewellyn H. 2014A. Against the State: An Anarcho-Capitalist Manifesto. Auburn, AL: Rockwell Communications LLC;

Rockwell, Jr., Llewellyn H. 2014B. “What Libertarianism Is, and Isn’t.” March 31;

Rothbard, Murray N. 1965. “The Anatomy of the State.”  Rampart  Journal, Summer, pp. 1‑24.  Reprinted in Tibor R. Machan (ed.), The Libertarian Alternative.  Chicago: Nelson‑Hall Co., 1974, pp. 69‑93;

Rothbard, Murray N. 1973. For a New Liberty, Macmillan, New York;

In the view of Rothbard (1973, emphasis added by present author): “For centuries, the State (or more strictly, individuals acting in their roles as ‘members of the government’) has cloaked its criminal activity in high-sounding rhetoric. For centuries the State has committed mass murder and called it ‘war’; then ennobled the mass slaughter that ‘war’ involves. For centuries the State has enslaved people into its armed battalions and called it ‘conscription’ in the ‘national service.’ For centuries the State has robbed people at bayonet point and called it ‘taxation.’ In fact, if you wish to know how libertarians regard the State and any of its acts, simply think of the State as a criminal band, and all of the libertarian attitudes will logically fall into place.”

Rothbard, Murray N. 1975. “Society Without a State.” The Libertarian Forum, volume 7.1, January;

Rothbard, Murray N. 1977. “Do you hate the state?” The Libertarian Forum, Vol. 10, No. 7, July;

“…there is no sign that David Friedman in any sense hates the existing American State or the State per se, hates it deep in his belly as a predatory gang of robbers, enslavers, and murderers. No, there is simply the cool conviction that anarchism would be the best of all possible worlds, but that our current set-up is pretty far up with it in desirability. For there is no sense in Friedman that the State – any State – is a predatory gang of criminals.”

“The radical cannot think in such terms, because the radical regards the State as our mortal enemy, which must be hacked away at wherever and whenever we can. To the radical libertarian, we must take any and every opportunity to chop away at the State, whether it’s to reduce or abolish a tax, a budget appropriation, or a regulatory power. And the radical libertarian is insatiable in this appetite until the State has been abolished, or – for minarchists – dwindled down to a tiny, laissez-faire role.”

Rothbard, Murray N. 1998 [1982]. The Ethics of Liberty, New York: New York University Press.

Shaffer, Butler. 2012. The Wizards of Ozymandias: Reflections on the Decline and Fall. Auburn, AL: The Mises Institute;

Sloterdijk, Peter. 2010.  “The Grasping Hand: The modern democratic state pillages its productive citizens.” Winter;

Stringham, Edward, ed. 2007. Anarchy and the Law: The Political Economy of Choice, Somerset, NJ: Transaction Publishers;

Tannehill, Morris and Linda Tannehill. [1970] 1984. The Market for Liberty, New York: Laissez Faire Books;

Tinsley, Patrick. 1998-1999. “With Liberty and Justice for All: A Case for Private Police,” Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 14, No. 1, Winter, pp. 95-100;

Wenzel, Robert. 2013. “Robert Ringer’s Strawman Anarchist.” February 2;

Private courts arbitration Private courts::

Benson, 1990, 2002; Berman and Dasser, 1990; Friedman, 1979, 1989; Hoppe, 2001; Marcus, 2009; Osterfeld, 1989; Popeo, 1988; Peden, 1977; Rothbard,  1973A, 1973B 1982, 1991; Stringham, 1998-1999; Tannehill and Tannehill, 1984, 2001; Thierer, 1992; Woolridge, 1970; Young, 2002

Benson, Bruce L.  1990.  The Enterprise of Law:  Justice Without the State.  San Francisco:  Pacific Research Institute for Public Policy.

Benson, Bruce L. 2002. “Justice without Government: The Merchant Courts of Medieval Europe and Their Modern Counterparts,” printed in Beito, Gordon and Tabarrok (editors) /The Voluntary City: Choice, Community and Civil Society. / Oakland, CA: The Independent Institute pp. 127 – 150.

Berman, Harold J., and Dasser, Felix J. 1990. “The ‘New’ Law Merchant and the ‘Old’: Sources, Content and Legitimacy,” in Thomas E. Carbonneau, ed., Lex Mercatoria and Arbitration: A Discussion of the Law Merchant, Dobbs Ferry, N.Y.: Transnational Juris Publications

Friedman, David. 1979. “Private creation and enforcement of law: a historical case.” University of Chicago Law Review.

Friedman, David. 1989. The Machinery of Freedom: Guide to a Radical Capitalism, La Salle, IL: Open Court, 2nd ed.

Hoppe, Hans-Hermann. 2001. Democracy – The God That Failed: The Economics and Politics of Monarchy, Democracy, and Natural Order, Rutgers University, N.J.: Transaction Publishers

Marcus, B. K. 2009. “The Enterprise of Customary Law.” June 29;

Popeo, Daniel. 1988. “Privatizing the Judiciary.” August 1;

Osterfeld, David. 1989. “Anarchism and the Public Goods Issue: Law, Courts and the Police,” The Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 9, No. 1, Winter, pp. 47-68;

Peden, Joseph R. 1977. “Property rights in Celtic Irish law,” The Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 1. No. 2, Spring, pp. 81-96

Rothbard, Murray N. 1973A. For a New Liberty, Macmillan, New York;

Rothbard, Murray N. 1973B. “Free Market, Police, Courts, and Law.”  Reason, March, pp. 5‑19.

Rothbard, Murray N. 1982. The Ethics of Liberty, Humanities Press, Atlantic Highlands, N.J.

Rothbard, Murray N. 1991. “On Denationalizing the Courts,”  Rothbard-Rockwell Report.  Burlingame, CA: Center for Libertarian Studies, Vol. 2, No. 10, October.

Stringham, Edward. 1998-1999. “Justice Without Government,” Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 14, No. 1, Winter, pp. 53-77

Tannehill, Morris and Linda. 1984. The Market for Liberty, New York: Laissez Faire Books

Tannehill Morris and Linda. 2001. “Arbitration of Disputes.” July 1;

Thierer, Adam. 1992. “Judgement Day: The Case for Alternative Dispute Resolution.” Adam Smith Institute;

Woolridge, William C. 1970. Uncle Sam the Monopoly Man, New Rochelle, N.Y.: Arlington House

Young, Adam. 2002. “Arbitration on Trial.” July 17;


2:26 am on September 16, 2020

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