Recently by Eric Peters: Don't Depend on Just Gas…
Getting a flat tire is less commonplace than it used to be mainly because tires are built better today than they used to be. But flats still happen because no matter how well-built a tire may be, it can still be punctured (and lose air) if you run over a roofing nail, or get a dangerous sidewall bulge after you hit a particularly bad pothole.
What has changed is that changing a tire is often not as easy as it used to be.
Here are a few important things to know and in particular, things not to do when you find yourself dealing with a flat:
Be absolutely certain about your jacking point
Most new cars are unibody cars, meaning the body and frame are welded together during manufacturer as a single assembly. In the past, the vehicles frame the structural part of the car was pretty obvious. Its not as obvious in a modern unibody car. If youre not careful and place the jack under a non-structural part of the car not capable of supporting the cars weight as you raise the jack, you could end up causing expensive damage to the car.
Most car owners manuals will show you with pictures or diagrams exactly where to place the jack; sometimes there is even a cut-out designed specifically to fit the factory jack, so its harder to get it wrong. The important thing is to be sure before you start to jack up the car. If you dont have an owners manual for your vehicle, get one.
Know where its ok to jack and where its not ok to jack.
Be extremely cautious when using the (frequently flimsy) factory jacking equipment
In the past, most cars came with fairly sturdy jacking equipment. This was back when most cars had huge trunks with plenty of extra room and no one cared about the weight of the car because gas was cheap. But most late-model cars especially family-type sedans and so on have much smaller trunks (or cargo areas) so space is at a premium. Also, the car companies are under tremendous pressure to curb the weight of their vehicles to make them as fuel efficient as possible. Result? Many new cars come from the factory with arguably iffy jacking equipment thats not easy to use and which can be dangerous to use.
Its a really good idea to familiarize yourself with the equipment you have by doing a dry run in your driveway. Not only will you know ahead of time where the equipment is and how it works, youll know whether its worth buying some better jacking equipment and keeping that in your trunk for just-in-case. A good quality bottle jack (or similar) can be bought for $30 or so at any auto parts store; ditto a decent lug wrench one with some leverage. Which the factory lug wrench may have a lot less of.
Of course, you may not have any jacking equipment at all if your car has an inflator kit (or run-flat tires). In that case, just be sure everything you need is actually in the car especially if you bought the car used and that its all in working order.
Be careful when driving on a donut
Another thing about late-model cars is the absence of a full-size spare. Instead for reasons of space and weight-saving there may be a mini-spare, designed for temporary use only. Those exact words will probably be right there on the tire. Heed those words. Dont drive fast (usually, more than about 55 mph) and increase your following distance because the car may need longer to come to a stop in an emergency and may react weirdly in a panic stop situation. Why? Youre typically driving on three normal size (width and diameter) wheels and tires and one (usually) much skinnier one. This unbalances the car and will make it respond differently to your inputs.