LXXXVII Collectivist Utopias
Property class had spent a good deal of time exploring how the inviolability
of property boundaries is the only way to maintain both a free and
peaceful society; and how the violence, discord, and other forms
of social conflict in our world are all consequences of the failure
to respect one another’s claims of ownership. "Property,"
I suggested to my students, is not a social invention or an ideological
preference, but the most basic fact of existence, applicable to
all forms of life. The only question is, at least in a human setting,
whether property is to be owned and controlled by individuals,
or by state collectives.
of my students asked the inevitable question: "isn’t a self-owning,
self-directed life utopian?" "What do you mean by utopian?",
I responded. "An ideal system that can’t work in the real world,"
he replied. "If it can’t work in reality," I inquired,
"how can it be ideal?"
went on to explain how every living thing must occupy space and
must consume some portion of its environment all to the exclusion
of every other person or thing in the world in order to survive.
While we benefit greatly from cooperating with, sharing, and loving
others, all of life comes down to an individualistic experience.
We are born, live, and die as individuals; only the individual transports
the species from one generation to the next.
is collectivism that is the unrealistic expression of utopian
belief systems. In its worst form – the state – collectivism is
the institutionalized exertion of violence to compel living beings
to behave contrary to their natural self-interest inclinations.
So strong are the motivations for individual preferences that the
state must resort to attacks upon the very nature of life to satisfy
the ambitions of those who see others as nothing more than resources
to be exploited for such ends.
state – whatever its particular forms – always expresses itself
as a collective form of property ownership. All political
systems are socialistic, in that they are premised upon the subservience
of individual interests to collective authority. Communism, fascism,
lesser forms of state socialism, and welfarism, are all premised
upon the state’s usurpation of privately-owned property. Whether
one chooses to be aligned with the political "Left," "Right,"
or "Middle," comes down to nothing more than a preference
for a particular franchise of state socialism.
is, of course, the central purpose of government school systems
to indoctrinate young minds in the dogma of statism; an effort whose
success can be measured by the sense of shock expressed by most
adults at the proposition that individual and social life could
be lived in any way other than in obedience to political authority.
It was years of consistent inculcation in the statist model – whose
catechisms are repeated in the media, universities, and social gatherings
– that led my student to imagine a self-owning, self-directed life
corollary of statist theology is the belief that the absence
of governmental authority is synonymous with "anarchy,"
and that such a condition equates with disorder. And yet, our lives
are free, orderly, and peaceful only to the degree that we live
anarchistically, without using force, violence, threats, or
the infliction of death to accomplish our purposes. It is only when
property boundaries are respected and considered inviolable, that
peace and order prevail. When my students ask if such arrangements
prevail any place, I remind them that their daily lives are conducted
in such a manner. "Do you threaten your friends, fellow students,
coworkers, or neighbors with violence in order to get what you want?,"
I ask. Our relationships with other people are expressions of the
anarchist assumption that men and women live harmoniously with one
another, and without presuming to govern others through violent
statists, of course, will not hear of such matters. To the historical
record of two hundred million deaths, economic catastrophes, concentration
camps, and rampant police states produced by governments in the
twentieth century alone, they present the nostrum of "limited
government" as an antidote to political oppression. Intelligent
men and women ought to have figured out, long before 9/11, that
constitutionalism and other myths about limiting the exercise of
political power have been proven utter failures. We can begin with
the complete collapse of a Congress that grovels at the feet of
a hapless president who is the incarnation of the establishment
interests for whose purposes the political system operates. We can
also read decades of Supreme Court cases in which the powers granted
to the federal government have been given very expansive definitions,
while liberties reserved to individuals have been given very narrow
of this should have surprised cogent minds. From the outset, the
United States Constitution represented, in the words of Lord Macaulay,
"all sail and no anchor." What else, other than expansive
state power, ought to have been expected from a document whose preamble
speaks of such purposes as "to form a more perfect Union, establish
Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence,
[and] promote the general Welfare?" When, to such purposes,
are added such powers as the "Power To lay and collect Taxes,
. . . to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general
Welfare," as well as the power "To make all laws which
shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing
Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the
Government of the united States," one should have wondered
where lay the "limited" nature of the state! Conservatives
continue to bleat the need to "get back to the Constitution."
The reality is that the state never deviated from this instrument.
It is exercising the virtually unrestrained powers that were spelled
out for it!
cannot grant to another the power to exercise a monopoly on the
use of force – which is the standard definition of a sovereign state
– and expect that power to be limited by anything other than the
appetites of the rulers and/or the willingness of the ruled to be
coerced. A belief in "limited government" is as naïve
as believing that one can place a large bowl of candy in front of
a group of young children, direct them to take only "reasonable"
amounts, and expect the contents of the bowl to be only minimally
reduced by day’s end.
state rules its citizenry through the mobilization of their fears,
not simply of punishment by political authorities, but of other
persons or conditions in life. From at least the time of FDR to
the present, the state has feasted on a popular desire – which the
state, itself, has generated – for collective security. All that
has ever been required has been a willingness of people to huddle
in fear, expecting the state to protect them from the exercise of
personal responsibility and control over their own lives. To accomplish
such ends, the individual need only give up the self-ownership that
was long ago ceded to a collectivist ideology.
of the collectivist utopia are never without fear-objects with which
to petrify people. The bogeyman is a quite fungible and chameleon-like
character, capable of becoming what those in charge want it to be.
Today, most Americans dutifully recite the mantra of "terrorism"
with as much enthusiasm as their World War I-era grandparents condemned
"the Hun." In doing so, they ignore the central fact that
all political systems are grounded in terror (i.e., by the
state’s threats of force or even death for non-compliance).
as the Soviet Union’s ruling class recently discovered, the future
of massive states may be called into question simply by virtue of
size alone. The brontosaurus-like American nation-state appears
to be on the verge of collapse, providing the opportunity for life
processes to break out of their collective bondage. Fear, terror,
militarism, and the escalating restraints on human action, are taking
their toll on the civilization itself. As the Italian historian,
Benedetto Croce, observed of an earlier period in Europe, "it
is impossible to found on fear a quiet and trustful tenor of life."
has its limitations as a motivator of human behavior. As a response
to an immediate threat to one’s well-being, fear can mobilize the
necessary energy for one’s survival. But as a permanent way of life
– which the Bush administration warns Americans is their future
under his sociopathic thinking – fear is enervating to both the
body and spirit of people. There comes a breaking point at which
the bogeyman no longer frightens.
political security blanket that most Americans are accustomed to
pulling over their heads in times of state-induced fears, has become
worn and tattered. Those who reach for it increasingly find themselves
grasping at handfuls of lint. Soon, men and women will find themselves
face-to-face with the harsh realities of life that can only be effectively
dealt with by the spontaneous, autonomous, and anarchistic forces
with which they now conduct their daily lives; even as they continue
to mouth the collectivist utopian catechisms that both deny and
destroy the best of what it means to be human.
© 2004 LewRockwell.com