best argument against democracy is a five-minute conversation
with the average voter."
is the worst form of government except for all those others that
have been tried."
Summary: As the preceding quotes suggest, Winston Churchill
was deeply ambivalent about democracy. On the one hand, he was
not about to regurgitate the civics class twaddle we all ingested
about Democracy with a capital D. On the other hand, he could
see no better alternative. Alas, Churchill's political education
was incomplete. The great statesman, for all his far-ranging political
knowledge, was wrong. Democracy is not "the worst form of government
except for all those others that have been tried." Democracy is
the worst form of government ever tried, period. Democracy ranks
among the gravest threats to individual rights and individual
liberty in human history. Democracy is, in certain respects, even
worse than absolute monarchy. Ignorant and arrogant modern day
"champions of democracy" need to get a clue. Assuming they are
sincere when they sound off about valuing the sovereign individual
above the omnipotent state, then the people they most need to
educate about democracy are not the leaders of the PRC in Beijing,
Ignorance, Modern Arrogance
"champions of democracy" consider democracy, or liberal democracy,
(or is it Liberal Democracy?) their secular religion, and "free
and fair elections" their holiest of sacraments. Let's hear what
some of them have to say about their religious faith.
to the right wing, global interventionist Freedom House, which
purports to employ "rigorous analytic standards" in its annual
reports on the state of freedom in the world:
are political systems whose leaders are elected in competitive
multi-party and multi-candidate processes in which opposition
parties have a legitimate chance of attaining power or participating
in power. Freedom House is a clear voice for democracy and freedom
around the world. Founded... by... Americans concerned with
the mounting threats to peace and democracy, Freedom House has
been a vigorous proponent of democratic values and a steadfast
opponent of dictatorships of the far left and the far right...
Freedom House is a leading advocate of the world's young democracies,
which are coping with the debilitating legacy of statism, dictatorship,
and political repression. It... promote[s] human rights, democracy,
free market economics, the rule of law, independent media, and
U.S. engagement in international affairs."
to the federal Leviathan's compulsory, involuntary, decidedly
unfree, taxpayer-funded National Endowment for Democracy, whose
motto is "Supporting freedom around the world":
is guided by the belief that freedom is a universal human aspiration
that can be realized through the development of democratic institutions,
procedures, and values... the NED makes hundreds of grants each
year to support prodemocracy groups in Africa, Asia, Central
and Eastern Europe, Eurasia, Latin America, and the Middle East."
to exiled mainland Chinese champion of democracy Wang Dan, of
no attempt to conceal the aim of the current student movement,
which is to exert pressure on the government to promote the
progress of democracy. People's yearning for democracy, science,
human rights, freedom, reason, and equality, which lack a fundamental
basis in China, have once again been aroused."
to exiled mainland Chinese champion of democracy Wei Jingsheng,
author of "The Fifth Modernization":
need prosperity... to pursue their first goal of happiness,
namely freedom. Democracy means the maximum attainable freedom
so far known by human beings. It is quite obvious that democracy
has become the goal in contemporary human struggles."
one say in response to these "champions of democracy," except
that they are wrong, wrong, wrong? Freedom House is wrong. The
National Endowment for Democracy is wrong. Wang Dan is wrong.
Wei Jingsheng is wrong.
for example, purports to employ "rigorous analytical standards"
in its self-congratulatory annual ritual of passing judgment on
the nations of the world.
One can only
wonder what "rigorous analytical standards" Freedom House employed
when it classified Bush II's post-911 "Secure Homeland" as "Free"
and awarded it a rating of 1 for Political Rights and 1 for Civil
Liberties; while awarding mainland China, which takes from "Unfree"
Chinese less than a third of what the US federal government takes
from "Free" Americans in taxes, a rating of 7 for Political Rights
and 6 for Civil Liberties.
One can only
wonder what "rigorous analytical standards" Freedom House employed
when it classified Taiwan, with its unelected US puppet squatting
in the ROC Presidential Palace since May 20, 2004, as "Free" and
awarded it a rating of 2 for Political Rights and 1 for Civil
Liberties; while classifying transparent, uncorrupt Singapore
as "Partly Free" and awarding it a rating of 5 for Political Rights
and 4 for Civil Liberties.
analytical standards" Freedom House employed were apparently double
enough that flagrantly biased judgment calls such as these cast
doubt on Freedom House's integrity. What's worse is they cast
doubt on Freedom House's grasp of political science, of cause
and effect, of the catastrophic consequences of imposing defective
political systems such as democracy upon hapless human populations.
the National Endowment for Democracy, Wang Dan, and Wei Jingsheng
are united in their ignorant conflation of liberal democracy with
political liberty, and their arrogant demand that China adopt
their failed and discredited system of government.
economist Thomas Sowell had some choice words for this kind of
facile thinking: "To include freedom in the... definition of democracy
is to define a process not by its actual characteristics... but
by its hoped for results."
Wisdom, Ancient Humility
of democracy, who fancy themselves courageous defenders of the
American political ideal, have either totally forgotten or never
learned what America's Founding Fathers knew two centuries ago
democracy is the worst form of government ever tried.
me? Consider the following quotes:
is two wolves and a lamb voting on what to have for lunch. Liberty
is a well-armed lamb contesting the vote!"
Benjamin Franklin, leader of the American Revolution
a Republican Government. Real liberty is never found in despotism
or in the extremes of Democracy... It has been observed that
a pure democracy if it were practicable would be the most perfect
government. Experience has proved that no position is more false
than this. The ancient democracies in which the people themselves
deliberated never possessed one good feature of government.
Their very character was tyranny; their figure deformity."
Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of the Treasury to George Washington,
author of the Federalist Papers
never lasts long. It soon wastes, exhausts, and murders itself.
There never was a democracy yet that did not commit suicide."
John Adams, 2nd President of the United States
is nothing more than mob rule, where fifty-one percent of the
people may take away the rights of the other forty-nine."
Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of the United States
have ever been spectacles of turbulence and contention; have
ever been found incompatible with personal security or the rights
of property; and have in general been as short in their lives
as they have been violent in their death.
James Madison, 4th President of the United States, Father of
of all former ages had shown that of all human governments,
democracy was the most unstable, fluctuating and short-lived."
John Quincy Adams, 6th President of the United States
a balanced republic and a democracy, the difference is like
that between order and chaos."
John Marshall, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, 1801-1835
You shouldn't be, not if you know your political history.
Founding Fathers were visionary political philosophers confronted
with the most daunting task imaginable. Their task was not merely
to found a new nation, but to invent a new system of government.
They diligently researched history to learn what to do. History
rewarded them. It taught them not only what to do, but even more
importantly, what not to do. The most important thing they learned
not to do, was to adopt democracy, the worst form of government
Founding Fathers' fully warranted fear and loathing of democracy,
we should not be surprised that the Constitution of the United
States does not contain a single solitary reference to the word
"democracy," but instead stipulates that "The United States shall
guarantee to every State in this Union a republican form of government."
between a democracy and a republic is hardly trivial. That the
distinction between a democracy and a republic could inspire the
Founding Fathers to such passions speaks volumes. The Founding
Fathers considered the distinction between a democracy and a republic
to be the distinction between freedom and slavery, between civilization
and barbarism, between prosperity and poverty.
Ancient Wisdom, Not so Ancient Humility
are excerpts from a 156 page citizenship manual issued by the
US War Department, November 30,1928, explaining the difference
between a democracy and a republic.
Delano Roosevelt White House later ordered all copies of this
manual withdrawn from the Government Printing Office and all US
Army posts and destroyed without explanation:
1928. By 1952 however, the new Army Field Manual read:
of democracy. Because the United States is a democracy, the
majority of the people decide how our government will be organized
and run and that includes the Army, Navy, and Air Force.
The people do this by electing representatives, and these men
and women then carry out the wishes of the people.
The Soldiers Guide, Department of the Army Field Manual, issued
As we can
see, after being subjected to Franklin Delano Roosevelt's fascistic
New Deal, the once free American people forgot their constitutional
republican roots, and allowed themselves to be led down the populist
democratic path toward slavery.
Protect China from Democracy
day "champions of democracy" are so woefully ignorant about something
that America's Founding Fathers knew backwards and forwards, makes
one want to weep with despair. It wasn't supposed to be this way.
Mankind was supposed to become more sophisticated with the passage
of time, not more simple-minded. Mankind was supposed to profit
from precious wisdom acquired at immense cost in human lives,
not blank it from memory within a few short generations.
Chinese intellectuals would wind up reflexively parroting pro-democracy
slogans is deeply discouraging, but is at least understandable.
Democracy after all, is a western innovation. Chinese intellectuals
eager to be perceived as progressive and forward thinking can
be forgiven for conflating western progress in general with western
democracy in particular.
excuse do American intellectuals have? The wisdom of America's
Founding Fathers is not foreign history. The wisdom of America's
Founding Fathers is not Chinese history. The wisdom of America's
Founding Fathers is the vital core of America's proud history.
Chinese citizens on the mainland for the PRC government to adhere
to the Rule of Law are entirely legitimate. In fact, they are
absolutely essential. Idealistic PRC leaders at the central government
level are pressing for such reforms themselves.
Chinese citizens on Taiwan for the PRC government to adhere to
the Rule of Law are also entirely legitimate. Ironically, the
current ROC government on Taiwan is far less committed to the
Rule of Law than the current PRC government on the Chinese mainland.
Chinese citizens on Taiwan for the PRC government to adopt democracy
before they are willing to see the two sides reunited however,
are myopic folly, especially coming from Pan Blue political leaders.
foreign governments for the PRC government to adopt democracy
are the most despicable of all. Demands from foreign governments
that China be saddled with the worst form of government ever tried,
can rightly be construed as overtly hostile gestures and looked
China from Democracy!
Form of Government Ever Tried
as we have seen, is the worst form of government ever tried. But
what is the best form of government ever tried?
form of government ever tried, sadly, has largely been lost to
mankind's collective memory. The best form of government ever
tried flourished on Iceland between 930 and 1262.
It is time
the modern world reclaimed the best form of government ever tried
and gave it another chance. But that is the subject for another
and China, Republics not Democracies
n. pl. democracies
by the people, exercised either directly or through elected
representatives 2: A political or social unit that has such
a government 3: The common people, considered as the primary
source of political power 4: Majority rule 5: The principles
of social equality and respect for the individual within a community
The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language,
1: the political
orientation of those who favor government by the people or by
their elected representatives 2: a political system in which the
supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people
to represent them [syn: republic, commonwealth] [ant: autocracy]
3: the doctrine that the numerical majority of an organized
group can make decisions binding on the whole group [syn: majority
WordNet 2.0, 2003 Princeton University
Era ... began in ... the 1890s and lasted through the 1920s ...
Many reforms dotted this era, including Prohibition with the 18th
Amendment ... the Income Tax with the 16th Amendment and direct
election of Senators with the 17th Amendment. Muckrakers ...
reaction-producing writers ... were among ... the best examples
of progressive reformers ... Initiative, Referendum and Recall,
all parts of the ... fully democratic state, were ... pioneered
during the movement.
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
America, was never intended to be a democracy. Dr. Sun Yat-sen,
the Founding Father of modern China, like Benjamin Franklin, intended
that the nation he bequeathed to posterity would be "A republic,
if you can keep it!" This much is beyond dispute. The name of
the nation Sun founded, after all, is "The Republic of China."
This would hardly be worth mentioning were it not for the fact
that so many people have forgotten it.
made frequent and abundant use of the term "min zhu," i.e., "people
rule," i.e., "democracy." But Sun was using "democracy" in the
greatly expanded, grossly inaccurate 20th Century sense of the
word, as if it were a synonym for republic and an antonym for
autocracy. When Sun used the word democracy, he meant republic.
No one who knows anything about Sun's "San Min Zhu Yi" (Three
People's Principles) can have the slightest doubt about this.
America's Founding Fathers, was a firm believer in republican
government, not democracy. Sun, like America's Founding Fathers,
was a firm believer in indirect as opposed to direct government.
Sun, like America's Founding Fathers, was a firm believer in structural
constraints as obstacles to "democracy," aka "mobocracy."
should be abundantly clear from the structural constraints Sun
incorporated into the Chinese constitution, which closely mirror
the structural constraints the Founding Fathers incorporated into
the American constitution. The National Assembly is a good example.
The National Assembly was Sun Yat-sen's answer to the Electoral
College. The National Assembly, like the Electoral College, is
a proudly, unabashedly "undemocratic" feature of the Chinese constitution.
The Control Yuan is another. The Control Yuan represents Sun's
attempt not only to emulate the American constitution's checks
and balances, but to enhance them.
What is the
difference between a republic and a democracy?
is a nation ruled by law. The highest law in a republic is its
constitution. In a republic everyone obeys the constitution.
on the other hand, is a nation ruled by men. The highest law in
a democracy is the "Will of the People." In a democracy, everyone
obeys a man who represents the Will of the People. A man who represents
the Will of the People is better known as a dictator.
It is no
accident that Pan Green Taiwan independence fascists spearheaded
the elimination of both the National Assembly and the Control
Yuan. The aptly named Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) understands
only too well that democratic political institutions such as Initiative,
Referendum, and Recall, are highly compatible with fascism, whereas
republican political institutions such as Constitutionalism, Original
Intent, and the Rule of Law are insurmountable obstacles to fascism
that must first be eliminated before the Pan Green camp can implement
their fascist agenda.
It is no
accident that Pan Blue "Da Zhong Guo" (Greater China) reunificationists
spearheaded the successful boycott of Chen Shui-bian's illegal
and unconstitutional "Defensive Referendum." Pan Blue reunificationists,
after all, are true blue champions of the Republic of China Constitution
and the Rule of Law.
in "Politics and the English Language," observed that "The slovenliness
of our language makes it easier for us to have foolish thoughts...
to think clearly is a necessary first step toward political regeneration...
the fight against bad English is not frivolous and is not the
exclusive concern of professional writers."
were never written. What language could be more slovenly than
modern political language? What thought could be more foolish
than modern political thought?
as "liberal" and "democracy" once had exact meanings.
"liberal" originally meant "an advocate of laissez-faire capitalism."
A liberal was a disciple of Adam Smith and John Locke.
means "an advocate of redistributionist welfare statism." Today
a liberal is a disciple of John Maynard Keynes and John Kenneth
Galbraith. Today, the term "liberal" means the diametric opposite
of what it meant during the Enlightenment. Today bona fide liberals
have no choice but to refer to themselves as "classical liberals"
"democracy" originally meant "people rule," or more idiomatically,
"rule by the people." A democracy was a form of government that
stressed universal suffrage, multiparty elections, and majority
rule. Nothing more. The term did not contain any unwarranted positive
connotations. It did not imply superiority over other forms of
government. It did not imply, à la Neoconservative polemicist
Francis Fukuyama, that mankind had arrived at "The End of History"
and that democracy was the final stage of political evolution.
is defined as the only legitimate form of government. Rejecting
democracy is not an option. "Non-democratic" is equated with "undemocratic."
"Undemocratic" is equated with "autocratic."
is no longer a scientific definition. It is a religious catechism,
to be invoked in the same breath as motherhood and apple pie.
It is a catch-all phrase for "good government," for "enlightened
government," for "progressive government," for "social equality
and respect for the individual within a community."
centuries after the American Revolution, one century after the
fascistic, populist Progressive Era, the critical distinction
between a republic and a democracy has been thoroughly obliterated.
Today "democracy" is considered a synonym for "republic" and an
antonym for "autocracy."
of equivocation, enormously useful for enforcing pro-democracy
Political Correctness, has made our political language as worthless
as fiat currency following runaway inflation.
Hamilton warned that the essential nature of democracy is tyranny.
Thomas Jefferson warned that democracy is nothing more than mob
rule. James Madison warned that democracies are spectacles of
turbulence and contention, incompatible with personal security
or the rights of property.
America, the solemn warnings of these far-sighted champions of
republican government and opponents of democracy are treated as
"er bian feng" (wind whistling past the ears), and the proud republic
established by America's Founding Fathers has been perverted into
the very system they feared and loathed the most
of China under the Two Chiangs was a republic a
flawed, imperfect republic, but a republic nonetheless.
of China under Lee Teng-hui and Chen Shiu-bian is a "democracy."
Not a democracy in today's ambiguous, equivocal sense of the word,
but a democracy in the Founding Fathers' semantically precise
sense of the word, i.e., an elective dictatorship.
needs today is not a Pan Green "deepening of democracy," but a
Pan Blue rebirth of republican government.