Multi-Tasking Will Kill You

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I owe you an
apology. If I’ve spoken on the phone with you at any point
in the past four or five years then there’s a decent chance
(75%) that I was playing chess online at the same time. I’m
sort of embarrassed if you are reading this. But I wanted to come
clean. Maybe by confessing I’ll stop doing this bad behavior.

There’s
two aspects of that last sentence. “Bad behavior” –
is it really? And “by confessing I’ll stop”. I don’t
know if I’ll really stop. It’s an addiction. I can’t
help myself. If I even hear the sound of my phone ringing I reach
for the mouse and start clicking on the chessboard after a game
starts up.

First off,
is it bad behavior?

There’s
the myth primarily in the United States that it’s of value
to be a great multi-tasker. Society thinks you’re smarter,
more productive, better able to juggle problematic tasks mixed with
plain tasks. People say it in their job interviews: “I am a
great multi-tasker.” It brings up images of a great juggler.
Someone who won’t drop the ball no matter how many you throw
at him.

A few years
ago I was riding in a car with the state senate minority leader
of Connecticut. We were on our way to a speech he was going to give.
He had the text of the speech up on the steering wheel and while
he was driving he kept scratching out lines, making additions, reading
from a Marcus Aurelius book to quote from and occasionally asking
me if he should slow down the car for a traffic light.

Did he get
into an accident? No. But he didn’t get re-elected for the
first time in about ten years. Finally he dropped a ball. Too many
were thrown at him.

All of these
are variations on the classic case of modern day multi-tasking –driving
a car while talking on the phone. The primal multi-task in the new
world order. And guess what? We can’t do it. Nobody can. Various
studies (this seems euphemistic for bullshit so I’ll put link)
have shown that cellphone drivers drive at about the same level
(measured by accidents) as drunk drivers. People driving over the
legal limit of alcohol in their system.

I already knew
the above fact. Chess has a very statistics-based ranking system.
When I’m playing chess while talking on the phone, not only
am I barely able to focus on the phone conversation but my chess
rank goes down by about three standard deviations. In other words,
the non-phone version of me can beat the phone version of me 95%
of the time. That’s a big jump down. And this is a result of
doing just two tasks that I’ve done for tens of thousands of
hours since I was a kid.

Think of all
the times in the day you multi-task. Like reading an email while
your kids (or lover, even worse) is talking to you. (As an aside,
I like the word “lover”. It implies the full range from
Valentine’s Day commercial sweetness to sex , without being
stuck at any one point on that spectrum).

Can I get rid
of the chess/phone addiction. This is the “confessing and I’ll
stop” aspect. It turns out that keeping a secret is bad for
our health. A quick example. Take a group of HIV gay people. The
ones who are open about their sexuality tend to live longer then
the ones who keep it a secret. There are lots of examples where
revealing a secret (even by writing it down on a piece of paper
and then ripping it up before anyone sees it) has health benefits.
Don’t believe me? Here’s
the proof.

So now my secret
is out. I’ll feel better. I’ll have better health. I’ll
live longer. And I’ll probably be smarter. Because everyone
will now see me as 100% more focused when I’m on the phone.
And I’ll probably be better at chess.

But now be
honest with yourself. How many times when you are reading a book
where you have to go back and re-read the page because you were
thinking of something else? This is multi-tasking also. Right now,
for instance, I’m in the middle of a deal and something happened
yesterday that could put the deal in jeopardy. I have no control
over it. It was an appraisal on some real estate. So it’s out
of my hands and we’ll just see. I could spend the morning thinking
about it. Or I could say, “this thought is useless to me”
and focus on whatever task is in front of me.

Most of the
time I would “multi-task” – regret the decision that
got me into that deal, worry about the future of the deal, think
about the ramifications of the deal, and then try to pay attention
to Claudia over breakfast. And here’s what the outcomes would
be: Absolutely no change on the status of the deal. And of course
no change on the past (it’s done). And nothing in the future
would change. I have no control over it. I would be less healthy
because of stress. And I would devote less attention to Claudia.
Who might then resent it. Which would cause me other future problems.
Multi-tasking can ruin your life. Even “multi-thinking”
can ruin your life.

Oh, and I just
remembered the one time it did ruin a life. I was 18 and driving.
I had just had a chess lesson where I had beaten my instructor twice
in a row and I was very proud. I was imagining the game in my head.
I ran straight thru a stop sign atg 60 miles per hour. Hit a station
wagon with an old guy in it. Four fences (one for each corner) got
destroyed in the result. The older guy broke his leg. And I went
through my front window while my dad’s car got completely wrecked.
Multi-tasking.

So what should
we do?

A) Don’t
multi-task obvious disparate activities: driving and cell phone
use.
Reading an email and listening to your kids (you will get
both activities done faster and more pleasurably if you do one at
a time). Texting and walking. Exercise and watching TV (it results
in less exercise benefits than just being focused on your body while
exercising). Here’s a great one: talking to someone else while
checking out in a store. The person working in the store probably
wouldn’t mind you saying a sincere “Thank You”. Instead,
he’s thinking, “man, this jerk probably never gets off
his phone.”

B) Don’t
time travel.
Regretting the past or worrying about the future
is AUTOMATIC bad multi-tasking. It means you’re not focused
on right now. Your brain is somewhere else and then by definition
less productive right now. It’s all filled up with no extra
space.

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the rest of the article

June
25, 2012

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