has written an excellent review
of Andrew Bacevich's recent book, Washington
Rules, which summarizes and lays out the "rules"
and "credo" of the American foreign policy Establishment.
It is another fine example of power
elite analysis or "establishment
of the Establishment was first used in England referring
to the established (or official) state church, the Anglican Church
or Church of England, created by the usurper and schismatic Henry
Tudor during the
Cobbett later expanded the concept to include those networks
of financial institutions related to the Bank of England, elite
public schools and clubs, and publishing entities (such as "the
bloody old Times") the ruling aristocracy used to train
and sustain its oligarchic bureaucracy who manned the
British empire. Cobbett labeled this power elite as "the
and Mark Silk observed in their masterful book, The
American Establishment, twentieth century British historian
A. J. P. Taylor later adapted Cobbett's "the Thing" into
"the Establishment" in a 1953 article in The New Statesman,
followed by journalist Henry Fairlie's usage of the term in The
Spectator in 1955.
The broad concept
was soon adopted by wide-ranging American analysts of the powers-that-be,
such as Richard H. Rovere, C. Wright Mills, Dan Smoot, Phyllis Schlafly,
Carroll Quigley, John Kenneth Galbraith, and G. William Domhoff.
recognized that while the First Amendment to the United States Constitution
prohibits an establishment of religion, our nation does indeed have,
its British cousins across the pond, an Establishment,
complete with its own theological
canon and doxology
of statecraft and spy
craft. Its “Vatican” is the Council
on Foreign Relations. Its primary source of treasure and
alms has been the
Morgan and Rockefeller financial empires, which created
the Fed, the great enabler of the Welfare-Warfare State.
Many of its elite
seminarians have studied at Ivy League institutions such as
Harvard, Princeton, or Columbia; some in particular, at
Yale where they were initiated into Skull
on the immediate post-World War II period of history, tracing the
Establishment's bipartisan "foreign policy consensus"
on the Cold War to the present Bush/Obama war on terrorism. He see
this as the crucial gestation period, a time implementing “the American
Century” of Henry
Luce, of the Truman administration’s creation of the National
Security State and its doctrine of Containment as a public
rationale for global intervention and the military-industrial complex
(and George F. Kennan's, Robert A. Lovett's, and the Dulles
Brothers’ clandestine policy of Rollback or Liberation
through covert operations of the OPC and CIA).
But the Establishment's
rules and credo were sketched on papyrus long before 1948. They
were put forth by visionary
prophets of pelf, plunder and empire fifty years earlier, during
Spanish-American War and the Philippine Insurrection.
A central figure
was the sinister Elihu
Root, later founding chairman of the Council on Foreign Relations,
who like his fellow interventionists and war criminals Theodore
Roosevelt and Barack Obama, was recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
He was the archetype of the Establishment's much-abused "Wise
Man" category, the mainstream media's designation of select
servitors of power stretching from Root to the recently departed
Holbrooke – Special Representative for Afghanistan
and Pakistan, Bilderberg group, Trilateral Commission, Council on
Foreign Relations, former managing director of Lehman Brothers,
and board director of AIG to July 2008 (just before the bailouts).
Men” of the Truman regime came the “Four Evangelists” of an
earlier era. Led by Elihu Root, his protégé “Colonel”
Henry L. Simpson, along with “Colonel”
Edward M. House and Raymond
B. Fosdick, these little-known four were the real architects
of the American Establishment and its interventionist gospel of
the Welfare-Warfare State. It is they who wrote its rules and drafted
its credo which has transformed the American republic into a squalid
and overstretched empire.
In a recent
article I wrote of how today's libertarians must become the
We must also
continue our role as non-interventionist heretics to the CFR's church,
working for its disestablishment and demise.
A. Burris [send him mail]
is a history instructor in an American high school.