Genetically Modified Mosquitos

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While u201Cscientistsu201D
have been genetically modifying insects for years, only in the last
few have they begun to openly discuss releasing them into the environment.
As always, the fact that public discussion has just now begun to
take place on the issue means that the project has already been
initiated. This much has been borne out by the facts in that the
release of the insects has already been announced.

the guise of eradicating Dengue fever, GM mosquitoes were released
into the environment in the Cayman
in 2009. Dengue
is a mosquito-borne, virus-based disease that has largely
been non-existent in North America for several decades. Dengue fever
can morph into a much more dangerous form of the illness known as
Dengue Hemorrhagic fever. Symptoms of Dengue fever are high fever,
headache, pain behind the eyes, easy bruising, joint, muscle, bone
pain, rash, and bleeding from the gums. There is no known cure or
treatment for Dengue fever besides adequate rest and drinking plenty
of water.

speaking, it is one specific type of mosquito, Aedes aegypti, which
transmits the virus.

publicly given method for using these GM mosquitoes in the eradication
of Dengue fever was that the genetically modified mosquitoes were
u201Cengineered with an extra gene, or inserted bacterium, or have had
a gene altered so that either their offspring are sterile and unable
to spread dengue, or
simply die
.u201D More specifically, the male GM mosquitoes are supposed
to mate with natural females which produce larvae that die unless
tetracycline, an antibiotic, is present. Without the antibiotic,
an enzyme accumulates to a level that is toxic enough to kill the

is important to note that these GM mosquitoes, known as OX513A,
necessarily have to be of the Aedis aegypti type in order to achieve
the goals publicly stated by the developers. Therefore, the millions
of male mosquitoes that were released into the open-air environment
in 2009, and again in 2010,
were all of the dengue fever carrying type.

The OX513A
mosquitoes were developed by a British biotechnology company named
Oxitec and their subsequent release was overseen by the Mosquito
Research and Control Unit (MRCU) in the Cayman Islands, a British
overseas territory.

Although Oxitec
was the developer who engaged in most of the groundwork
for the GM insects, the project was not theirs alone. The Bill
and Melinda Gates Foundation
, the World
Health Organization
, The
PEW Charitable Trusts
, and government
in the United States, England, Malaysia, and others
were all involved in the development and promotion of the GM mosquitoes.

What has been
quite suspicious, however, is the fact that Dengue fever, which
has been nonexistent in North America for decades, has recently
in Florida. Initially, the fever was found in 2009,
but by 2010 the cases had vastly increased. In July 2010, a CDC
was released to very little media attention indicating
that about 10 percent of the population of Key West had been infected
with Dengue fever. This had doubled from 2009 where 5 percent had
been infected. One might wonder what caused a virus that had been
almost entirely eradicated to suddenly reappear with such vigor.
That is, one might wonder if the answer weren't so blatantly obvious.
Of course, official reports do not address whether or not the Dengue
fever is connected to the millions of mosquitoes capable of carrying
the fever which were released just miles away in the Cayman Islands.

While Dengue
fever had been eradicated in terms of naturally occurring outbreaks
in the United States, cases that were research-related and laboratory-generated
have occurred in the country for many years. This is because Dengue
fever has been of particular interest to the United States government,
US Army, and CIA since at least the middle part of the 20th century.
There is a great deal of evidence suggesting that the biochemical
research facilities at Fort Detrick were conducting tests on Dengue
fever as a bio-weapon as far back as 1942. It is generally known
that in the 1950s the CIA partnered with Ft. Detrick to study Dengue
fever and other exotic diseases for use as biological weapons.

It is also interesting to note that, according to CIA documents
as well as a 1975 congressional committee, the three locations of
Key West, Panama City, and Avon Park (and two other locations in
central Florida) were testing sites for Dengue fever research.

As is generally
the case, the experiments in Avon Park were concentrated in low-income
neighborhoods, in areas that were predominantly black with newly
constructed housing projects. According to H.P. Albarelli Jr. and
Zoe Martell of Truthout,
CIA documents related to the MK/NAOMI program revealed that the
agency was using the Aegis aegypti type of mosquito in these experiments
as well. In one of these experiments, 600,000 mosquitoes were released
over Avon Park and in another 150,000 insects were released in specially
designed paper bags that were designed to open up when they hit
the ground.

Truthout interviewed
residents (or test subjects) of Avon Park still living in the area
who related that there were at least 6 or 7 deaths resulting from
the experiments. As quoted by Truthout, one resident said, u201CNobody
knew about what had gone on here for years, maybe over 20 years,
but in looking back it explained why a bunch of healthy people got
sick quick and died at the time of those experiments.u201D Truthout
goes on to point out that around the same time of the Avon Park
experiments u201Cthere were at least two cases of Dengue fever reported
among civilian researchers at Fort Detrick in Maryland.u201D

In 1978, a
Pentagon document titled, u201CBiological Warfare: Secret Testing &
Volunteersu201D revealed that similar experiments were conducted in
Key West by the Army Chemical Corps and Special Operations and Projects
Divisions at Fort Detrick.

Like the current
situation, U.S. government agencies teamed with NGOs, academia,
and other organizations to conduct mosquito-related projects. Operation
Bellweather, a 1959 experiment consisting of over 50 field tests,
was conducted over several states including Georgia, Maryland, Utah,
and Arizona, and Florida. Operation Bellweather was coordinated
with the Rockefeller Institute in New York; the facility that actually
bred the mosquitoes. What's more, the experiment was aided by the
Armour Research Foundation, the Battelle Memorial Institute, Ben
Venue Labs, Inc., the University of Florida, Florida State University,
and the Lovell Chemical Company.

The military
and CIA connections to Dengue fever outbreaks do not end with these
experiments, however. It is widely believed that the 1981 outbreak
in Cuba was a result of CIA and U.S. military covert biological
attacks. This outbreak occurred essentially out of nowhere and resulted
in over one hundred thousand cases of infection. Albarelli and Martell
researcher William H. Schaap, an editor of Covert Action
magazine, claims the Cuba Dengue outbreak was the result of CIA
activities. Former Fort Detrick researchers, all of whom refused
to have their names used for this article, say they performed “advance
work” on the Cuba outbreak and that it was “man made.”
In 1982 the CIA
was accused by the Soviet media of sending operatives into Pakistan
and Afghanistan for the purposes of creating a Dengue epidemic. Likewise,
in 1985 and 1986, authorities in Nicaragua made similar claims against
the CIA, also suggesting that they were attempting to start a Dengue

While the
CIA has characteristically denied involvement in all of these instances,
army researchers have admitted to having worked intensely with u201Carthropod
vectors for offensive biological warfare objectivesu201D and that such
work was conducted at Fort Detrick in the 1980s. Not only that,
but researchers have also admitted that large mosquito colonies,
which were infected with both yellow fever and Dengue fever, were
being maintained at the Frederick, Maryland facility.

There is also
evidence of experimentation with federal prisoners without their
knowledge. As Truthout
redacted Camp Detrick and Edgewood Arsenal reports indicate that
experiments were conducted on state and federal prisoners who were
unwittingly exposed to Dengue fever, as well as other viruses, some
possibly lethal.
With all of the
evidence that CIA and military tests have been conducted regarding
Dengue fever, there is ample reason to be concerned when one sees
a connection like the recent release of mosquitoes and the subsequent
outbreak of Dengue fever in Florida, a traditional testing site for
these organizations.

the rest of the article

18, 2010

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