The Home Defense Shotgun

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The misconceptions
surrounding the defensive shotgun could easily fertilize California’s
Imperial Valley for months, if not years. Such statements as "Use
a shotgun – you can’t miss" or "My 12 gauge will cover
that wall" are plain BS. The stuff Hollywood puts out is even
more misleading. For the record, you can easily miss with a shotgun,
and the pattern covers only very small walls at short yardage. Cinematic
scatterguns may lift grown men completely off their feet or stop
large cars in their tracks, but real ones don’t do anything of the
kind. Nevertheless, the shotgun remains an excellent choice of armament
for use in home, camp or ranch defense – just about anywhere concealment
is not an issue.

Shotguns have
a long history in combat roles. They have proven effectiveness in
that they launch multiple projectiles. When the sportsman swings
his long-barreled Browning Auto-5 at the leader in a wedge of high-flying
Canadas, he is using the multiple-projectile concept to increase
the probability of a hit. But when he triggers the same firearm
at an armed intruder in his home, he is trying for terminal effectiveness
– a centered hit on the intruder where all of the pellets strike
vital areas.

The point is
simple – proper selection of a fighting shotgun and effective ammunition,
combined with training, give the defensive shooter one of the most
devastating firearms possible. In this article we’ll spend a little
time on ammo but mostly look into choosing an appropriate shotgun
for home defense.

Gauges,
Pellets, Chokes

How about some
yardsticks for choosing a gauge? I believe there is at least some
use for anything from a 10 gauge to a 20 gauge. That means 10, 12,
16 and 20 gauge, all of which have some form of buckshot load available.
The best choice, by a wide margin, is the 12, which has dozens of
different buckshot choices. The 10 gauge is usually large, heavy
and inclined to recoil so hard as to be intimidating. Going down
the scale, 16s and 20s are OK, but gun and ammunition choices are
limited. That leaves the 12, where, again, the ammo choice is very
wide.

Also, for about
the last 10 years, the American ammunition industry has responded
to a law enforcement request for shotgun loads with less recoil.
At the same time, it has made most of these 12-gauge loads in such
a way that they also shoot much tighter patterns.

Let’s consider
pellet size. Regular shot runs from No. 12 all the way up to 000
buckshot. The odds-on favorite for combat (read anti-personnel)
use is 00 buck. Double-ought pellets are approximately .33 caliber
and weigh around 52 to 54 grains apiece. You can get as many as
12 of them in a 2 3/4-inch "short magnum" shell, but standard
and low-recoil loads use either eight or nine pellets. This is probably
the best all-around choice. However, there is a low-recoil load
from Federal that uses eight 000 pellets that I feel is the best
possible compromise. But to be frank, this is an area where there’s
a lot of leeway. At "inside the house" ranges, 10 to 12
yards is a long shot, and shot size isn’t critical. Even No. 8 birdshot
will pattern into a six- to eight-inch circle at these distances.
And it’ll do plenty of damage, too.

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the rest of the article

May
7, 2010

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