So the Democrats Won – What About the American Empire?

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The Democratic
Party prevailed in the Nov. 7 midterm elections. "We've just
moved out of a straightjacket," a friend commented. Many celebrated.
But after that, lets think carefully about the larger picture of
the current state of the American Empire. Signs exists that its
power is declining. Little in the post-election coverage has considered
this issue.

"Defeat
is not an option," Bush again insisted in his press conference
the day after his resounding defeat, referring to the Iraq War.
Yet it is precisely defeat in Iraq that stares him in the face,
as even many American generals have admitted. This defeat is not
just in Iraq, not just of the Republican Party, not just of Bush,
and not just on Nov. 7. It plunges deeper into the Empire itself.
On Nov. 8 Bush once again attempted to mount his Victory horse,
though with a changed tone of less arrogance.

Bush and company
seemed amazingly conciliatory toward the Democrats in the first
few days after their stunning defeat. But let's not trust them.
They are surely conniving and remain poised to attack when ready.
Elections can open up the space for change, but deeper changes result
from not only celebrations but also from vigilance and continuing
campaigns for liberty. Let's not be lulled into complacency.

Considerable
enthusiasm swept the nation among some as news came in that Democrats
won first the House and then the Senate. Then Secretary of Defense
Donald Rumsfeld was fired. I do not mean to rain on sunny election
celebrations, but perhaps it’s now time to take that good energy
into deeper considerations of the state of the world and the work
that remains to be done.

Much more than
the loss of the neoconservative Bush regime was revealed on Nov.
7, if one looks beneath the surface. Some Americans may now relax,
hoping that the Democratic Party can fix things. This is not the
time to hold back and give Democrats space to get the troops out
of Iraq and remedy the many other sins of the Empire.

Now is the
time to deepen our understanding of the nation's imperial role in
the world. Most Democrats seem content to shore up American power
by making a few minor reforms, rather than attempt to manage the
decline in power that is occurring.

Internal and
external political, economic, and military signs exist that the
American Empire is declining. Among those signs are the increasing
willingness of Latin American leaders to stand up to the U.S., which
for decades has stolen its natural resources and treated many countries
as neo-colonies. Those countries also deserve their liberty.

The 20th Century
American Empire ran on fossil fuels. The world's supply of petroleum
and natural gas is declining, as the demand for them increases,
especially from China and India. So the U.S. is in a mad scramble
to secure its oil and gas resources. As fossil fuels decline, so
will the American Empire, which is likely to continue to war for
oil.

A basic expansion/contraction
cycle seems to exist in things that live. Since their arrival here
the colonists and their descendents have been steadily expanding,
with few set-backs. Perhaps the time for contraction is upon us.
We can either do so gracefully, or be forced into it violently.
It is time for U.S. citizens to support the withdrawing of America's
tentacles from throughout the world, allowing other ways to flourish.
We need to share rather than horde the wealth.

America needs
to make a transition from expansion to contraction, from domination
to partnership. This can be done in either a relatively orderly
and graceful way, with good leadership, or in ugly ways by America's
leadership, including Democrats, trying to cling to the benefits
of the Empire.

AMERICA'S
MORTAL WOUND

The event of
2001 that stands out the most for Americans was the unprecedented
Sept. 11 attack by a group of mainly Saudi Arabian nationals that
hit the Empire's two most powerful symbols — its financial center
at the World Trade Center and its military center at the Pentagon.

That foreign
attack on the United States was not a mortal wound to the Empire.
The real fatal blow was how the Empire struck back. Unable or unwilling
to attack the perpetrators of the 9/11 crime, the wounded Empire
struck viciously against the whole country of Afghanistan. Full
of the blood of revenge, it then attacked Iraq on spurious grounds.
Mainly innocent people perished in those attacks, as the world watched,
aghast and in disbelief and disgust, as the U.S. and a few allies
have slaughtered between 400,000 and a million people. Such a stain
on the Empire will not be easily forgotten.

So America
played its military trump card, which has not prevailed. Rather
than rectify failed strategies and tactics, it has clung to them
tenaciously. The U.S. has sunk deeper into defeat in both Afghanistan
and Iraq, thus further revealing its weaknesses. Many who oppose
the U.S. have just looked on, waiting patiently, while organizing
resistance. The U.S. is now more vulnerable to attack than it ever
has been.

In neither
of its last two major wars — in Korea in the l950s and Vietnam in
the l960s and 70s — did the U.S. achieve decisive victories. The
U.S. lost the Vietnam War. Many contend it also lost Korea, especially
given the current situation in the Koreas. The American Empire seems
to have reached its height of power immediately after World War
II, though in recent years — with its accumulation of wealth and
the fall of the Soviet Empire — it has appeared to be more powerful
than it really has been, what some describe as a "paper tiger"
with a "false economy" likely to collapse at any moment.

"But what
will a Democratic Congress do that is better?" Yale scholar
Immanuel Wallerstein asked in a Nov. 5 essay on "the rude shock
of defeat," published in the San Francisco Chronicle. "The
primary problem of the leadership of the Democratic Party is that
it believes, at least as much as the Republicans, that the United
States is the center of the world, the font of wisdom, the great
defender of world freedom." In fact, Democrats seem to want
"to restore the United States to a position of centrality in
the world system."

In l986 Gore
Vidal published "Requiem for the American Empire" in The
Nation magazine. He dated the start of the Empire as 1914, when
"New York replaced London as the world financial capital…By
the end of World War II, we were the most powerful and least damaged
of the great nations." However, by the mid-1980s, the U.S.
had become a debtor nation. Since then it has sunk even further
into debt, especially to China. "Like most modern empires,"
according to Vidal, "ours rested not so much on military prowess
as on economic power."

I deliberately
do not use words like "fall," "requiem," or
"collapse" to describe what is happening in the U.S. today,
for that would be premature. America still has considerable power
and the decline is likely to take years. Much depends upon how America's
leaders and people respond to the changing power alignment in the
world. More wars for oil, for example, will further erode our own
limited natural resources and any remaining goodwill with other
nations. An alternative would be to manage the decline skillfully
and take a less dominant role within the community of nations.

Though still
the world's only remaining superpower, there are many signs that
the U.S. is loosing its economic primacy. Right before the midterm
elections, Bush finally admitted that the Iraq War has indeed been
a war for oil. As the U.S. dollar continues to slide and be volatile,
there is more talk of using the Euro for the international petro-currency.

Regardless
of what the Democrats do, we should expect the Empire to decline
further. The post-election enthusiasm can be used as an opening
to explore the American soul more deeply, consider how to manage
this decline, and then take courageous actions.

Power is shifting
East (as well as South), which is why the U.S. fought in Korea,
Indochina, and now in the Middle East.

WHAT NOW?

Everything
that lives dies — individuals, planets, and even powerful empires.
The American Empire is sliding into decline; the main issue, in
my opinion, is how to manage that decline. We can squander our remaining
resources and worsen our relationships with other peoples and countries
— as the U.S. government seems intent on doing, having quickly spent
the world's post-9/11 goodwill. Or we can apply our substantial
skills and resources to collaborating with others in ways that are
characterized by humility and cooperation rather than arrogance
and domination.

We have many
historical examples of how empires can fall and collapse. The warlike
Mayans basically disappeared. Rome ceased, though its remnants remain
in Italy. The Soviet Empire collapsed somewhat swiftly, though Russia
remains powerful. The British Empire is America's most immediate
ancestor. They all merit our study to understand what is happening
today. Is the soft landing of an empire even possible?

The demise
of the American Empire will have profound implications for the nation,
as well as for the world. "You're a dreamer," a close
friend and elected official responded when I suggested that perhaps
the centralized American Empire might eventually dissolve into smaller,
separate countries. Vermont already has a growing independence movement.
In Northern California there has long been talk of seceding from
Southern California. Perhaps Northern California could join with
Oregon and Washington, if they would have us, and call ourselves
something like Cascadia.

Such thinking
may be premature. But when the Soviet Empire eventually fell, it
did so quite quickly, as did the Berlin Wall in l989. When events
suddenly come to a head, much can shift. So it is prudent to do
contingency planning.

I celebrate
that the Democrats handed Bush such a decisive defeat on Nov. 7.
But it is not enough. Presumed Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi
has made it clear that she will not even hear the growing chorus
of voices calling for Bush's impeachment. She is more likely to
close ranks and seek to extend the life of the Empire, given how
indebted she and her colleagues are to corporations that benefit
from the Empire's far reach. The Democrats are unlikely to see their
task as managing the Empire's decline, which will not be popular
among many Americans, who continue to benefit from the privileges
of that Empire. Before one jumps on the Democrat's bandwagon, careful
consideration of the party's intentions and actions would be in
order.

An early test
case for how serious the resurgent Democrats will be is the U.S.
armed forces request of $160 billion supplemental appropriations
for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan for the remainder of the fiscal
year 2007. The request came a couple of days after the Nov. 7 election.
Rep. Pelosi has already vowed not to undercut troops in the field.
The military budget of the U.S. is more than the combined military
budgets of all the world's other countries. U.S. arms manufacturers
export most of the world's weapons.

Though the
Bush administration now appears to be in decline, he was able to
successfully rally the American people for six years by appealing
to their desire to retain imperial power with its substantial privileges.
The Democrats are likely to do the same, especially when threatened.
Though in decline, the U.S. Empire will continue to wield substantial
power for years.

A perceptive
writer, Tom Engelhardt, posted "Voters Attack Bush's Empire"
on Nov. 8. He writes, "For vast majorities abroad, the vision
of the U.S. as an Outlaw Empire is nothing new." Engelhardt
writes about the imperial presidency, but it is more than the presidency.
Unfortunately, this imperial posture seems to be adopted by the
Congress, as well as most Americans, who seem to feel that we are
somehow entitled to rule the world with the American Way of Life.
So a change at the top, or even in Congress, is not likely to be
enough. We need what my teacher Brazilian Paolo Freire describes
as "cultural action" to make deeper changes in America.

As
the peace activist and advocate for Hawaiian sovereignty Jim Albertini
wrote in a flyer for a post-election vigil on the Hawai'i Island,
"Democrats, and the American people, must now show by concrete
actions, not mere words, that we stand for a different America.
Let our actions speak clearly of a just and peaceful partner, rather
than a global bully, in an international community of equals where
dialogue, not weapons, is the method of solving problems."

November
14, 2006

Shepherd
Bliss [send him mail] is a retired
college teacher and former officer in the U.S. Army who now farms
in Northern California. He has contributed to 19 books, including
three post-9/11 books, most recently to Veterans
of War, Veterans of Peace
.

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