shocking attacks upon the World Trade Center and the Pentagon have
struck far deeper into our conscious and unconscious minds than
any of us has begun to imagine. The anger that has now settled into
the minds of most of us is certainly understandable, deriving as
it does from a fear of our vulnerability and a failure of expectations
that our political systems would protect us from such harm. This
anger, driven by a desire for revenge, does not subside, for the
perpetrators of this crime are dead, and it is unclear to most of
us who else might be implicated. So intense is this anger that those
among us who fail to voice it with sufficient heat, or resist the
cries of "war," themselves become subject to attack.
I have devoted the majority of my adult years to addressing the
deadly, destructive, and dehumanized nature of the world in which
we live. We live in conflict because our thinking is in conflict.
We have organized ourselves into rigidly-defined categories based
upon race, ethnicity, nationality, ideology, religion, economic
interests, geography, and countless other identities, and vigorously
defend the boundaries of such categories from those outside. Politics
mobilizes such identities, promising each of these groups the coercive
backing of the state to advance their interests.
Political systems operate upon a vertical, top-down model of decision-making,
as was best represented in the pyramidal structuring of Plato's
Republic. Those in authority are presumed to have a superior
wisdom and access to information to justify their making decisions
for all of society. Most of us have been conditioned to buy into
as reflected in the oft-quoted phrase "the more complex society,
the greater the need for government."
In recent years, however, there has been a growing awareness of
the fallacy of such a premise, and an understanding that only decentralized,
spontaneous systems and practices – such as the marketplace – are
capable of dealing with the uncertainties of a complex world. We
have been witnessing the collapse of the vertical, and the emergence
of a more horizontal, model of social organizations. Institutionalized
health care is being challenged by alternative, individually-directed
health practices. The awareness that police are unable to protect
us from crime has generated an interest in martial arts, private
weapons, and electronic protection of homes. The failure of government
schools has led increasing numbers of parents into private schools
and homeschooling. Most of us no longer depend on the vertically
structured institutional media ("we will tell you what we want
you to know") for information, but communicate with one another
through the horizontally driven Internet. Even political systems
have become subject to such decentralizing trends: secession movements
and the collapse of the Soviet Union being the more evident examples.
The terrifying events of September 11th provided perhaps
the most chilling evidence of the failure of the political model.
After having trillions of dollars siphoned from our incomes to pay
for the most powerful and sophisticated weaponry known to mankind;
after years of having our persons and baggage subjected to searches
at airports; after decades of being told that we must put up with
the secrecy and personal intrusiveness of government "intelligence"
agencies to ferret out threats to our collective well-being, we
are now face-to-face with the implicit realities of September 11th.
The greatest wartime destruction inflicted upon continental America
by foreign enemies was brought about not by nuclear weapons,
large invading armies, squadrons of bombers, or fleets of battleships
and aircraft carriers, but by a dozen or so men armed with nothing
more than small knives and box cutters.
Our medical practices offer a fitting analogy. We have spent billions
of dollars on research to create the most sophisticated chemical
weaponry to fight and destroy the viruses and bacteria that threaten
our bodies, and yet these microbial forces have been resilient enough
to mutate into new forms that intensify the need for even more powerful
drugs and vaccines. So weakened have our individual immune systems
become, in the process, that many fear an onslaught from these unseen
but empowered forces. Like the HIV virus that manages to insinuate
itself into our bodies and avoid detection by our immune systems,
these terrorists attacked America in ways to which the political
system was unable to respond.
The trillions of dollars devoted to "national defense"
were unable to defend two of the most visible symbols – as well
as centers – of the modern nation, the WTC and the Pentagon. A President,
criss-crossing the country in Air Force One, and taking refuge in
a midwest bunker, was rendered irrelevant to that day's events.
Such failures had nothing to do with the resolve or courage of any
of these people to do something, but reflected the increasing insignificance
of political systems to deal with a complex world. It is this fact,
I believe, that will be the most disturbing to the psyches of most
people: as with social problems generally,
there is nothing that someone in authority
can do to change any of this! In the long-term, the single greatest
casualty in this horrible event may prove to be the political order
Efforts will continue to be made to reinforce our conditioned thinking.
Institutional leaders, establishment "experts," and the
media priesthood, will remind us that our world should remain organized
just the way it is at present – with more authority given to the
state, of course; and that our problems can best be resolved by
the very thinking that created them! You will look in vain for any
dissenters or heretics who might deviate from the official line.
But the impotence of political systems to do anything more than
inflict death and destruction upon the world is being revealed,
to those unafraid to look, in the aftermath of this atrocity.
Which is not to say that there is nothing anyone can do. The only
people who were able to make a difference in thwarting these well-orchestrated
attacks were not SWAT team members, or fighter pilots, or air marshals,
but a handful of courageous passengers who, devoid of any formal
training or authority, and armed with what one passenger told his
wife was only his "butter knife," were apparently able
to subdue the terrorists and bring down the plane, perhaps saving
hundreds of lives. These passengers represent the real "new
world order": men and women taking control over and responsibility
for their own lives and, in the process, bringing decision-making
back to the individual. We are once again reminded that whatever
orderliness prevails in our world is determined by how ordinary
people respond to the immediate events in their lives.
As I thought about these events, my mind kept going back to H.G.
Wells' novel, The War of the Worlds, wherein the earth was
attacked by Martian invaders, and the political order responded
with guns, tanks, bombs, and atomic weapons, all of which the invaders
were able to resist. Just as humanity was prepared to give in to
its apparent fate, however, the Martian spacecrafts began crashing
to the ground, the victims not of massive weaponry, but of
bacteria to which their bodies were not immune.
There is a valuable lesson in all of this, if only we can move beyond
the anger and fear that most of us feel. That lesson has to do with
our rethinking who we are, how we are to live our lives, and how
we are to deal with one another in a complex world. If you think
that these are only abstract philosophical matters that have no
bearing upon "reality," take another look at your television
screen and see if you can locate the World Trade Center! The massive
destruction that is going on in our world – and which did not begin
on September 11th – has been brought about by our thinking;
our world will change only when our thinking changes: to think otherwise
is to put our trust in magic. As Richard Weaver once said, "ideas
Perhaps at no time in recent history has so much clarity of thought
been demanded from each of us. The world has an abundance of anger;
what it needs right now is our intelligence. There are only two
people in the world who can change any of this: you and me,
and we can make our world more peaceful, creative, and cooperative
only by affecting a change in our individual consciousness.
We must give up our dependence upon external authorities and learn,
as Carl Jung has suggested, that "the salvation of the world
consists in the salvation of the individual soul."
him e-mail] teaches at the Southwestern University School