have, no doubt, heard the famous advice to speakers, writers and
salesmen, expressed in the abbreviation KISS: Keep It Simple, Stupid.
It’s good advice for speaking, writing and sales. But it’s bad advice
for other activities.
fact, the bleating of sincere, moralistic souls for simplicity in
modern life is often, by intent or not, a call for increased tyranny.
Tyranny of Simplicity
In the economic sphere, the victory of simplicity almost always
necessitates the deprivation of liberty. A good example is price
controls. The economy sure would be a lot simpler if tomorrow the
federal government decreed that the price for a dozen eggs across
the country must be $1.00, the price for every loaf of bread must
be $2.00, and the price for a gallon of low-fat milk must be $3.00.
Just think how this would simplify certain calculations of grocery
store owners and managers. It would be a simple and soon disastrous
decision. Why? The free market rests on a highly complex interplay
of human decisions, and it cannot be reduced to a simple formula.
don’t understand all the motivations behind, and mechanisms implementing,
the human decisions that every two weeks bring the ice cream truck
to deliver to my very own doorstep chocolate mud pies, for which
I fork over a little hard-earned cash and then greedily devour.
It sure would be a lot simpler to explain why there should be a
new law from the Sacramento capital requiring that a dozen chocolate
mud pies be delivered to all Californians with the initials PAS.
lot simpler, yes, but a lot less successful and, worse still, a
lot more tyrannical.
In his astoundingly learned and extensively documented work Fire
in the Minds of Men, James Billington observes again and again how
that revolutionary socialists have historically been committed to
a radical social simplicity. Among these revolutionaries, there
has been an eerie obsession with geometric and mathematical formulas
as a pattern by which society should be redrawn. "If Newton
could discover the law of gravity and reduce it to a few simple
formulas, why can’t we discover the laws of society and reduce them
to a few simple formulas?" The problem is that human society
is not analogous to the laws of gravity. Men, made in the image
of God, are relatively free moral agents; and the attempts to reduce
their society to a few simple formulas inevitably results in tyranny.
intervening in the free decisions of the grocer, the state sets
into motion processes that extract food from everyone’s table. The
bewildering complexity of activities and processes that underlay
the exchange of goods and services in the marketplace requires and
perpetuates human liberty. Each of us makes thousands of decisions
every day, most insignificant, some occasionally momentous. If those
decisions are voluntary (non-coercive), without molesting life,
liberty, or property, they combine with everybody else’s decisions
to produce a dramatically free society.
ask how this happens. Don’t ask how my decision to buy my daughter
a new pair of tennis shoes benefits not only the shoe salesman and
the shoe store, but possibly a butler in Paris, a baker in San Jose,
and a candlestick maker in Tokyo, but this very well could happen
and this sort of thing happens every day. If you try to simplify
this dizzying complexity, you end up stealing liberty from a lot
of people and eventually produce massive shortages (just ask somebody
who lived in the old Soviet Union or anybody who lives in today’s
North Korea). The complexity of multi-billions of free decisions
by millions of people fosters liberty, while the simplicity of a
few thousand decisions by a few hundred government bureaucrats creates
High Cost of Simplicity
the main problem with "simple" price controls is that
they absolutize economic information while lacking the capacity
to absolutize the reality underlying that information. Imposing
price controls on eggs, bread, and milk can’t make chickens lay
more eggs, the soil grow more wheat, or cows give more milk. In
a free market economy, prices are simply information about underlying
realities, not greedily erected, artificial barriers to keep poor
(or middle-class) people from getting what they "deserve."
You can’t change the underlying reality by freezing prices, but
you sure can change the reality of available products and services
by coercively freezing prices: price controls always produce shortages,
which hurt everybody’s reality.
and Human Action
I repeat: almost every attempt to simplify the main factors in the
realm of the exchange of goods and services in a market economy
results in a loss of liberty. Why is this? Because the leading factors
in a market economy are not products, services, or even prices,
but human decisions and other human actions. Goods, services, prices,
and exchanges are the result of human actions, not vice versa. State
interference in the market disrupts these human choices and in so
doing, creates tyranny. If, in an alleged effort to keep prices
down for grocery shoppers, the state imposes price controls on eggs,
bread, and milk, the result will (temporarily) benefit consumers
(the first ones that get to the grocery); but it surely will not
benefit the grocery owner, who, all other things being equal, is
forced to pay fluctuating market prices to his suppliers for these
products. It doesn’t take a Ph. D. in economics to figure out that
the simplicity of price controls benefits one group at the expense
of another group. Soon, such price controls will hurt almost everybody,
because if the grocery owner isn’t free to charge the price he wants,
he eventually won’t be able to afford to buy at his suppliers’ selling
cost; and if the supplier can’t sell his goods to the grocer, he
will eventually quit buying from the farmers and dairymen, who will
be stuck with food that cannot readily enter the marketplace.
how complex the spurious attempts at economic simplicity can get.
the realm of economics, we need to replace the KISS principle (Keep
It Simple, Stupid) with the KICK principle (Keep It Complex, Knucklehead).
Andrew Sandlin is Executive Vice President of the Chalcedon
Foundation which since 1965 has been dedicated to applying
historic, Biblical Christianity in today's world. He is the author
of Christianity: Bulwark of Liberty and several other works.