Pursuing Truth on the Kennedy Assassinations

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Recently
by Donald W. Miller, Jr., MD: The
X and Y Generations and Ron Paul: An Alliance for Our Age

Everyone
over the age of 60, and many over age 55 who were in grade school
at the time, remember where they were and what they were doing when
they heard what happened to President John F. Kennedy, on Friday,
November 22, 1963 at 12:30 PM (CST). I was finishing lunch with
other students in the dining room at Harvard Medical School's Vanderbilt
Hall lined with portraits of past professors when a student ran
in and yelled, "President Kennedy has been shot."

I began studying
and collecting books on the Kennedy assassination after reading
Josiah Thompson’s Six
Seconds in Dallas
, published in 1967. My interest in the
subject is heightened by having personally known two physicians
involved in President Kennedy's care whose observations are pivotal
to the case, Admiral George G. Burkley (1902-1991) and Dr. Malcolm
Perry (1929-2009). Admiral Burkley was the President's personal
physician. He was the only physician who was with Kennedy in Dallas
and also at the autopsy, done at a Navy hospital in Bethesda, MD.
Dr. Perry performed a tracheotomy on Kennedy shortly before he died.
He was the first physician to speak publicly about the President's
injuries in a televised news conference an hour after his death.

My family lived
next to Dr. Burkley and his family on the grounds of the Newport
Naval Hospital in Newport, Rhode Island when I was a teenager, sharing
a duplex that housed its Chief of Medicine, Dr. Burkley, and Chief
of Surgery, my dad. His teenage son, George W., and I became friends.
(We once sailed up Narragansett Bay in his Snipe sailboat and camped
out on an uninhabited island. This adventure was cut short the next
morning, however, when a Navy launch arrived to tow us back home,
sent by our fathers after a hurricane warning was issued.)

Dr. Perry and
I worked together at the University of Washington (UW). He moved
to Seattle in 1974 with Dr. Tom Shires, Parkland Hospital's Chief
of Surgery, who came to Seattle to be Chairman of Surgery at the
UW School of Medicine. Dr. Shires brought a group of surgeons from
Parkland Hospital with him, which included Dr. Charles James (Jim)
Carrico, who, as a surgical resident, was the first doctor in the
emergency room to examine Kennedy after he was shot. Dr. Perry and
Dr. Shires operated on Lee Harvey Oswald, but the bullet Jack Ruby
shot into Oswald's abdomen tore his aorta and vena cava and he bled
to death on the operating table before they could save him. Dr.
Perry was a vascular surgeon. We would perform surgery together
on patients with a thoracoabdominal aneurysm. (I was the last UW
faculty surgeon that Dr. Shires hired before he moved to Cornell
in 1975. Drs. Perry and Carrico stayed, with Dr. Carrico becoming
the UW's Chair of Surgery in 1983, to 1990).

The President's
Commission on the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy

chaired by Chief Justice Earl Warren assured the American public
and the world that there was no conspiracy. It said a lone assassin
shot three bullets at the President from a window in the Texas School
Book Depository, above and behind the Presidential limousine as
it proceeded down Elm Street in Dealey Plaza. No one else planned
or participated in the attack, not the Russians, Castro, anti-Castro
Cubans, or organized crime — or any officials in the U.S. military-industrial-intelligence
complex either, for that matter.

The Warren
Commission concluded that one bullet hit Kennedy in the back, exited
out through his neck, and went on to inflict all the injuries Governor
Connally sustained sitting in a jump seat in front of the President.
This bullet, as postulated in the Commission's "single bullet
theory," went through Connally's chest, in-and-out of his wrist,
and landed in his thigh. A second bullet missed the limousine, ricocheted
off a curb and grazed a bystander. The third bullet the sniper shot
hit the President in the head, killing him. The Commission concluded
that the evidence compiled in its 888-page Report and 17,816 pages
of Hearings and Exhibits (in 26 volumes) proves that a 24-year-old
ex-Marine with Marxist sympathies, Lee Harvey Oswald, was the assassin.
Likewise, the Commission found that nightclub owner Jack Ruby also
acted alone when he killed Oswald two days later.

At the first
press conference after Kennedy died, a newsman asked Malcolm Perry,
"Where was the entrance wound?" Dr. Perry informed the
American public and the world that, "There was an entrance
wound in the neck…It [the bullet] appeared to be coming at him…,"
which on repeated questioning he twice more affirmed and the world's
press duly reported. This did not sit well with the Warren Commission's
view of the matter. Testifying before the Commission several months
later, however, Dr. Perry supported its contention that the bullet
shot into Kennedy's back had exited his neck, not entered it. Accepting
the proposed one-bullet, two-victim hypothesis as true, Dr. Perry
agreed that the bullet wound he observed in the neck "certainly
would be consistent with an exit wound."

Fifteen years
later Dr. Perry told me in a surgeon-to-surgeon private conversation
that the bullet wound in Kennedy's neck was, without question, a
wound of entrance, irrespective of what he had told the Warren Commission.
This seasoned attending trauma surgeon had seen a lot of gunshot
wounds at Parkland Hospital and knew what he was talking about.
Dr. Perry also told this "off the record" truth to another
physician, Dr. Robert Artwohl, in 1986, who writes, "One of
the biggest regrets in his life was having to make the incision
for the emergency tracheotomy through the bullet wound, because
he was certain that it was an entrance wound. He remembered making
a very good mental note of the wound since he was cutting through
it." (Reference in "Malcolm
Perry, MD Falls into the Kennedy Vortex
" by Gary Aguilar,
MD, here).

Given "marching
orders from Washington" with instructions to "tell Dr.
Perry to change his testimony," Secret Service Agent Elmer
Moore went to Dallas and "badgered" Dr. Perry into "making
a flat statement that there was no entry wound in the neck."
Agent Moore confided this in 1970 to Jim Gochenaur, a friend in
Seattle who was a graduate student at the University of Washington
(!). Moore told him, "I regret what I had to do with Dr. Perry."
So threatened, this otherwise bold surgeon backed down and obligingly
changed his testimony to suit the politically ordered truth that
Oswald did it. (Refs. here,
pgs. 309-10; and here,
vol. 2, pgs.651-654.)

Dr. Burkley's
observations are equally damaging to the lone gunman scenario. He
filled out and signed President Kennedy's Death Certificate (see
here).
It describes a bullet wound in Kennedy's back adjacent to the third
thoracic vertebra (T-3). This is 5 inches below the neck. Dr. Burkley
places the wound in the back far too low for the bullet to have
exited through the throat at neck-tie level. The death certificate,
alone, renders the single bullet theory ballistically and anatomically
impossible.

The lead autopsy
pathologist at the JFK autopsy, Commander James Humes, burned his
notes and the first draft of the autopsy. A second pathologist (of
three performing it), Lt. Cmdr. J. Thornton Boswell, made a diagram
of the wounds and scars he observed on the body. It places the bullet
wound in the back at the same level, T-3, like the death certificate.
Dr. Burkley signs the diagram (on the lower left side) and above
his signature writes, "Verified." Having escaped the autopsy-record
flames, the original diagram containing Dr. Burkley's signature
was secreted in locked up government files.

My teenage
buddy George W. Burkley (both of us are now age 72) writes, "Dad
never voiced much of an opinion about a conspiracy but frequently
questioned why the Warren Commission never asked him to testify.
Dad was [a] very close hold when it came to his professional life."

Drs. Burkley
and Perry put the lie to the official truth of President Kennedy's
murder. But their findings are only the tip of the iceberg. Five
books published in the last 10 years prove beyond a reasonable doubt
that the assassination of President John F. Kennedy was a state
execution, a political murder carried out to achieve political-military
ends. They are:

Breach
of Trust: How the Warren Commission Failed the Nation and Why

(461 pages) by Gerald McKnight (2005).

Inside
the Assassination Records Review Board: The U.S. Government's
Final Attempt to Reconcile the Conflicting Medical Evidence in
the Assassination of JFK
(1807 pages, in five volumes)
by Douglas Horne (2009).

Harvey
and Lee: How the CIA framed Oswald
(983
pages) by John Armstrong (2003).

A
Farewell to Justice: Jim Garrison, JFK’s Assassination, and the
Case That Should Have Changed History
(527 pages)
by Joan Mellen (2005).

JFK
and the Unspeakable: Why He Died and Why it Matters

(488 pages) by James Douglass (2010).

In Breach
of Trust, Gerald McKnight shows how the Warren Commission orchestrated
its cover-up of JFK's murder. He shows how the Commission cherry
picked evidence to support its prearranged conclusion that Oswald
was the lone assassin and how it discounted, suppressed, excluded,
and even altered eyewitness testimony and evidence pointing to a
conspiracy. Truth was not its goal.

The way it
dealt with Dr. Boswell's autopsy diagram demonstrates the chicanery
the Warren Commission practiced in its investigation of the assassination.
The Commission published Boswell's diagram as Commission Exhibit
397, but Admiral Burkley's signature validating it is gone! It has
been erased. The bullet hole's location as placed on CE 397 disproves
the single bullet theory, the lynchpin of the Commission's case
against Oswald. But like with Dr. Perry, when Dr. Boswell came before
the Commission he also had a change of mind and testified that he
had drawn the bullet hole in the back too low, saying now that it
was actually considerably higher than shown on the diagram, high
enough for the bullet to have come out and left an exit wound in
the neck. With his signature not there, the Commission would not
need to question Admiral Burkley about it.

Former CIA
director Allen Dulles largely ran and controlled the Warren Commission's
deliberations. President Kennedy had fired Dulles as director of
the CIA in early 1962, after the Bay of Pigs invasion, letting it
be known that he intended to "to splinter the CIA in a thousand
pieces and scatter it to the winds." Three of the Commission's
seven members, Senator Richard Russell, Senator John Copper, and
Representative Hale Boogs rejected the single bullet theory (see
here),
but Dulles, with members John McCloy, former head of the OSS (Office
of Strategic Services), forerunner of the CIA, and Rep. (and future
President) Gerald Ford persuaded them to sign the Report.

The Warren
Commission did not include President Kennedy's Death Certificate
in its Report or as an exhibit. Among the exhibits, one will find
instead a certificate of smallpox vaccination for Oswald's daughter,
June (CE 73A); Jack Ruby's income tax returns (CE 713-719) — but
not Oswald's tax returns, said to be withheld for "national
security;" a fragment of an aria from Tchaikovsky's The
Queen of Spades (CE 53); and the condition of Marina Oswald's
teeth (CE 1403).

Equally disturbing,
as his son points out, the Commission chose not to interview the
President's personal physician.

With regard
to the Warren Report, Mark Lane, the dean of assassination researchers
notes, "The only way you can believe the Report is not to have
read it."

Criticism of
the Warren Report, published on September 27, 1964, was quick to
come, beginning with Vincent Salandria's "The
Warren Report Analysis of Shots, Trajectories, and Wounds: A Lawyer's
Dissenting View
" in The Philadelphia Legal Intelligencer
five weeks later (see here)
and Mark Lane's “Oswald
Innocent? A Lawyer's Brief
” in the National Guardian
less than three months later (see here).
This prompted the government to carry out four subsequent investigations
into the JFK assassination: one by the Justice Department (1966-67),
the Clark Panel (1968), the Rockefeller Commission (1975), and the
House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA, 1976-78). All agreed
that the Warren Commission was correct in concluding that the medical/autopsy
evidence proved Oswald's guilt. After the HSCA issued its report
the case seemed closed — that is, until Oliver Stone's film JFK
was released in 1991. Accusing the CIA of complicity in Kennedy's
death, the film created a furor and reopened the case. With public
pressure mounting, in 1992 Congress passed the JFK Records Act,
releasing more than 2 million CIA, FBI, Secret Service, and other
agency records related to the assassination.

An Assassination
Records Review Board (ARRB, 1994-1998) was established to catalogue
and study these newly released records. Inside the Assassination
Records Review Board by Douglas Horne, its Chief Analyst for
Military Records, reveals what the Board found and throws new light
on the medical and autopsy evidence, among other things.

Some 26 medical
personnel, including my future UW colleague Dr. Carrico (on the
second row, second from the left) at Parkland Hospital saw a large
gaping hole the size of a baseball in the back Kennedy's head. The
Warren Commission discounted and ignored this eyewitness testimony
because a skull x-ray and autopsy photograph it had showed the back
of JFK's head — skull, skin, and hair — to be intact. They are forgeries.
The ARRB also found, in documents released by the JFK Records Act
that the autopsy personnel in Bethesda had also observed the same
big hole in the back of the head that the medical personnel in Dallas
had seen, including the mortician who prepared the body for burial,
Thomas Robinson. He described it as a circular defect in the back
of the head about three inches in diameter, where "a good amount
of bone had been blown away." (Vol. 2, pgs. 598-600.)

Additional
evidence supports this finding, which proves that an assassin positioned
in front of the President shot him. Two Secret Service agents riding
motorcycles to the rear and left of the Presidential limousine were
splattered with blood and brain tissue, and Jacqueline Kennedy is
filmed crawling out onto the trunk of the limo behind her husband
reaching out to retrieve pieces of bone and brain blown out by a
bullet exiting the back of his head.

One subject
that Douglas' Inside the Assassination Records Review Board explores,
which I found of particular interest is the Presidential limousine's
windshield (Vol. 5, pgs. 1439-1450). Six witnesses observed a bullet
hole in the windshield, in Dallas and Detroit, where the limousine
was flown to have the windshield replaced three days after the assassination.
Photographic evidence confirms this eyewitness testimony. More recently,
Douglas Horne addresses the "evidentiary landscape" on
this issue in an article on LewRockwell.com (see here).
A bullet hole in the limo's windshield provides further evidence
proving beyond a reasonable doubt that one or more snipers positioned
in front of the limousine fired shots at President Kennedy.

John Armstrong's
Harvey
and Lee
is a singularly important work, one that, at first,
seems unbelievable. Uncovering much new evidence, John Armstrong
makes a compelling case that there were two Lee Harvey Oswalds.
Likely part of a secret project known by its cryptonym MK-ULTRA,
the CIA found a boy born in New Orleans who looked very much like
a Russian-speaking refugee from Eastern Europe living in New York.
The agency moved 12-year-old Lee Oswald and his mother to New York
to meld his identity with this boy. By age 19, the process completed
and their identities merged, this European-born "Oswald"
carried a government identification card (DD1173) containing a composite
photo of the left half of Lee Oswald's face combined with the right
half his face. The CIA sent this Oswald, fluent in Russian (something
not easily acquired by most English-speaking Americans, particularly
one, like Lee Oswald, with an IQ of 103 who dropped out of high
school), to Moscow, to "defect." This is the "Oswald"
that Jack Ruby shot in Dallas.

Using doubles
in intelligence work is a centuries-old practice. Mata Hari used
a double to impersonate her on dancing tours throughout Europe while
she slipped away and spied for the Germans. Working together, the
public sees the double going about his or her business innocently
establishing an alibi while the "Mata Hari" commits a
covert act. The two Oswalds did not work together. Harvey went to
Russia alone posing as a native American. When he returned to the
U.S., through a loan from the State Department, the CIA used the
other Lee Oswald to help set-up Harvey to take the fall for Kennedy's
murder. Harvey Oswald was telling the truth after he was arrested
when he said, "I am a patsy."

Having two
Oswalds explains why Lee Harvey Oswald kept being seen in two places
at once. He, for example, visited Sylva Odio at her house in Dallas
(Harvey) when he was also in Mexico (Lee); Dallas Deputy Sheriff
Roger Craig observed him (Lee) getting into a Dodge Rambler on Elm
street in Dealey Plaza right after the shooting, while other eyewitnesses
saw him (Harvey) on a bus; and when (Lee) Oswald was stationed in
Japan in the Marine Corps, from October 1957 to May 1958, the other
(Harvey) Oswald was documented to be working at the Pfisterer Dental
Laboratory in New Orleans.

People who
saw the wrong Oswald at the wrong time or had the wrong kind of
dealings with him at the wrong time put their lives in jeopardy.
Sheriff Roger Craig was unwavering in his testimony that he saw
Oswald get in a Rambler on Elm Street after the shooting. He died
the victim of a gunshot wound. Albert Bogard was a car salesman
who accompanied (Lee) Oswald on a test drive of a new Mercury Comet,
but (Harvey) Oswald's wife Marina and her house host Ruth Paine
testified that Oswald could not drive and was somewhere else on
that date. Bogard was found dead in his car, from carbon monoxide
delivered from a hose attached to his exhaust pipe.

In his book
(pgs. 438-481), published in 2003, John Armstrong proves beyond
a reasonable doubt that Oswald did not purchase the Mannlicher-Carcano
rifle that he is alleged to have used to kill Kennedy. Harvey
and Lee lives up to its subtitle and shows clearly "how
the CIA framed Oswald." The book was published in China,
is out of print and hard to get. Few libraries have it and copies,
when available, are expensive.

(A striking
synchronicity: When researching this article and writing about what
the CIA did to Oswald, I performed heart surgery on 84-year-old
Edwin Wilson. Wilson was a CIA officer who ran CIA front companies
that supplied funds for its covert operations. He had a 2,000-acre
ranch in Virginia, next to that of Elizabeth Taylor, where he entertained
colleagues and top government connections. President Carter, in
1977, chose Admiral Stanfield Turner Director of Central Intelligence.
He decided to "clean house" at the CIA and curb its covert
activities. Turner cashiered Wilson's close friend Ted Shackley,
the Deputy Director of Covert Operations, who was slated to become
DCI instead of Turner had President Ford won the election and remained
in office. And the government, with the tacit approval of the next
Reagan administration, accused Wilson and put him on trial for,
among other things, selling 40,000 pounds of C-4 plastic explosives
to Libya "without permission." A false affidavit signed
by the CIA's third-ranking officer, Executive Director Charles Briggs,
declared that the CIA had no contact with Wilson after he officially
retired from the Agency in 1971, which was instrumental in convicting
him. Investigative journalist and LRC columnist Eric Margolis has
followed this case closely. He calls Edwin Wilson "America's
Man in the Iron Mask
," after Eustache Dauger, a French
convict in the 17th century that Voltaire claimed was
Louis XIV's brother, who kept him locked up in isolation with his
look-alike face hidden by an iron mask. This prisoner is the king's
identical twin brother in the 1998 film Man
in the Iron Mask
, where Leonard DiCaprio plays both roles. Dauger
spent 34 years in prison. The CIA's "Brother Wilson,"
at the time considered to be "the regime's top political prisoner,"
spent 22 years in prison, 10 of them in solitary confinement. In
2003, Federal District Court Judge Lynn Hughes threw out Wilson's
conviction, concluding from evidence obtained through the Freedom
of Information Act that the CIA had lied and framed him. In her
brief [p. 11, here],
Judge Hughes asserts, "Honesty comes hard to the government."
Both Oswald and Wilson were CIA pawns.)

Oswald never
had his day in court. Jack Ruby saw to that. Following the government's
lead, the print and television media right away started referring
to Oswald as the "assassin," inappropriately withholding
the word "alleged" when saying he was the assassin. This
inconsequential ex-Marine, who was a FBI informant and undercover
agent for the CIA, who had checked out JFK's Profiles
in Courage
from the public library, was set up to take the
blame for the President's murder. Kennedy had cancelled a trip to
Chicago at the last minute three weeks earlier after learning that
conspirators were plotting to assassinate him there. Had Kennedy
been killed in Chicago, another ex-Marine, Thomas Arthur Vallee,
would have been the Oswald of the piece. Like Oswald was in Dallas
(should the Chicago attempt fail), Thomas Vallee was set up to be
the scapegoat in Chicago (see here
pgs. 202-218).

New Orleans
District Attorney Jim Garrison was the only U.S. public prosecutor
who has dared to say publicly that the government has not told the
truth on the JFK assassination. And he is the only prosecutor to
indict and bring to trial an alleged conspirator in Kennedy's murder
— Clay Shaw, a prominent New Orleans businessman. Garrison said
he did this for two reasons: First, Oswald had lived in his jurisdiction,
New Orleans, for several months before he moved to Dallas and shortly
thereafter allegedly killed the President. And he read the Warren
Report and its 26 volumes of additional material. That was the
clincher that got him to investigate the case.

Garrison explained:
"It's impossible for anyone possessed of reasonable objectivity
and a fair degree of intelligence to read those 26 volumes and not
reach the conclusion the Warren Commission was wrong in every one
of its major conclusions pertaining to the assassination."
As he and his team investigated the matter, "We interviewed
people the Warren Commission had never questioned, and a whole new
world began opening up."

Joan Mellen
shows in A Farewell to Justice that the Clay Shaw trial is
the case that should have changed history, as the subtitle
of her book states. Garrison charged Shaw with being a CIA operative
who helped ready Oswald to take the blame for a crime he did not
commit and thus was one of the conspirators in the case. Witnesses
testified that they saw Clay Shaw with Oswald, but the jury acquitted
him for a lack of sufficient evidence to prove beyond a reasonable
doubt that he worked for the CIA.

Garrison commented,
"When we arrested [Clay] Shaw, the United States government
awakened like an angry lion." The FBI infiltrated Garrison's
investigation and tried to thwart it, governors refused to extradite
witnesses living in their states to testify in Shaw's trial in New
Orleans, and key witnesses died suddenly before their testimony
could be taken, most importantly David Ferrie and and Guy Bannister.
(David Ferrie was a cohort of Clay Shaw, a former commercial airline
pilot and a captain in the Civil Air Patrol where Lee Oswald had
been a member of his squadron, and was, among other things, a cancer
researcher, with 2,000 mice housed in his apartment. Guy Bannister
was former head of the FBI office in Chicago who engaged in nefarious
activities and was connected with Shaw.) After the media learned
his name and sounded off about him, David Ferrie told Garrison,
"I'm a dead man." (He died soon thereafter under suspicious
circumstances, his death ruled, oddly enough, an apparent suicide
from a brain hemorrhage.) Years later, newly released files confirmed
that Clay Shaw had, indeed, worked for the CIA.

In a postscript
to the 1973 film Executive
Action
, a fictionalized treatment of the JFK assassination,
18 photographs appear on the screen. They are photos of the faces
of actual witnesses to JFK's murder who died between November 1963
and February 1967, many of them under mysterious circumstances.
A text scrolled over the photos and narrated says, "In the
three years after the murders of President Kennedy and Lee Harvey
Oswald, eighteen material witnesses died, six by gunfire, three
in motor accidents, two by suicide, one from a cut throat, one from
a karate chop to the neck, and three from heart attacks, and two
from natural causes. An actuary, engaged by the London Times,
concluded that on November 22, 1963, the odds against these witnesses
being dead by February 1967 were one hundred thousand trillion to
one." (A YouTube video of the movie's final scene with this
postscript is here.)

In their book
JFK:
The Dead Witnesses
(1995), Craig Roberts and John
Armstrong identify 10 more deaths of witnesses that occurred between
November 1963 and February 1967, for a total of 28 witnesses who
died during this time period, most of them violently or under suspicious
circumstances, like Dorothy Kilgallen and Mrs. Earl Smith. (Dorothy
Kilgallen, a newspaper columnist and panelist on the TV show What's
My Line?, was found dead in her apartment after letting it be
known that she had discovered information that would blow the government's
JFK assassination story "wide open," her death deemed
a "heart seizure due to drugs," age 52. Mrs. Smith was
Kilgallen's confidant. She died three days later, also at home,
from a "fatal cerebral hemorrhage," age 45.) Other important
witnesses died in the 1970s before they were scheduled to testify
before the House Select Committee on Assassinations, like George
DeMorenschildt, Oswald's CIA handler when he returned from Russia,
from a shotgun wound to the face, ruled suicide. When asked about
all these deaths, Garrison replied, "All I know is that witnesses
with vital evidence in the case are bad insurance risks."

Jim Garrison
is a modern-day Paul Revere. He warns Americans that their lives
and freedoms are threatened by a force more malicious than what
our forebears faced in 1775 against British troops. Garrison prophetically
tells us, "Fascism will come to America in the name of national
security."

He warns, "We
are in great danger of slowly evolving into a proto-fascist state…
based on power and the inability to put human goals and human conscience
above the dictates of the state" (see here).

With regard
to truth and its pursuit, Garrison notes, "In our incipient
super state it really doesn't matter what happened. Truth is what
the government chooses to tell you." Jim Garrison deals with
this subject in A
Heritage of Stone
(1970). He dedicates the book:

To the
Younger Generation.

May its
members have the insight to see the deceptions of the warfare
state. May they have the courage to stand on the side of humanity.

Labeling Jim
Garrison a "publicity seeker," like Robert Caro does in
his biography of Lyndon Johnson, is the same as calling Paul Revere
an "alarmist."

It is now clear,
a half a century later, that the CIA choreographed the assassination
of President Kennedy, making it look like a lone-nut Marxist was
solely responsible for the act. But the specific "powers that
be" in the U.S. military-industrial-intelligence network who
ordered the CIA hit remains unknown. Nevertheless, in JFK and
the Unspeakable, Jim Douglass masterfully explains why
Kennedy was killed.

Elements in
the military-industrial-intelligence complex wanted Kennedy killed
because he was threatening to put them out of business! The Cuban
Missile Crisis, the closest the world has ever come to nuclear war,
spurred him to do this. A decorated World War II veteran, JFK worked
to end the Cold War. He sought reconciliation with the USSR and
Castro's Cuba and in that effort set up private lines of communication
with Khrushchev and Castro. He engineered a nuclear test ban treaty.
And to make matters worse for the warfare state, he announced, in
National Security Action Memoranda 263, his intention to pull U.S.
troops out of Vietnam. These efforts to pursue a peaceful foreign
policy were not greeted kindly by arms manufacturers and the military.

The red flag
of JFK's foreign policy intentions flew high in his signal June
10, 1963 American University Commencement Address promoting nuclear
disarmament and peaceful co-existence with communist nations. He
said, "Let us reexamine our attitude toward the Soviet Union…
If we cannot end now our differences, at least we can help make
the world safe for diversity. For, in the final analysis, our most
basic common link is that we all inhabit this small planet. We all
breathe the same air. And we are all mortal." (The text and
video of this speech is here
and here.)
John F. Kennedy's assassination on November 22, 1963, at age 46,
was a state execution designed to keep the military-industrial-intelligence
complex in business, unabated.

The same thing
happened to Robert Kennedy. Assassins shot RFK and killed him on
June 5, 1968, fifteen minutes following a victory speech he gave
after winning the California Democratic primary, which made him
the Democratic nominee and thus, in all probability, the next President.
In addition to following a peace-seeking foreign policy path like
his brother, he told the people that "I would like to reopen
the Warren Commission."

The "lone
assassin" in this case was said to be Sirhan Sirhan, who fired
a pistol at Robert Kennedy standing several feet in front of him.
The autopsy, however, showed that a bullet fired from a pistol placed
1 to 2 inches behind Kennedy's head is what killed him, not any
of the bullets coming from Sirhan Sirhan's gun in front of him.
RFK was 42 years old.

After Robert
Kennedy was killed, Jacqueline Kennedy is reported to have said,
"If they're killing Kennedys, then my children are targets."
John F. Kennedy, Jr. died when a Piper Saratoga private plane he
was piloting crashed, on July 16, 1999, one week after it was leaked
that he planned to run in the 2000 Presidental election, which he
most likely would have won. Jacqueline Kennedy was spared the anguish
of losing a second son. She died in 1994, from cancer.

(Ted Kennedy's
automobile accident at Chappaquiddick in 1969 shielded him from
assassination. When his companion Mary Jo Kopechne drowned in the
accident and her death was not immediately reported, this eliminated
any chance that he would ever be elected President. Ted Kennedy
died in 2009, age 77, from a brain tumor.)

There is evidence
that an instructor accompanied JFK Jr. on the flight, along with
his wife and sister-in-law, who all perished in the crash. An instructor
had been with him all previous eight times he had flown this newly
purchased aircraft. He had broken his ankle and was using crutches
when he made this flight. Kennedy had communicated with the Martha's
Vineyard Airport control tower and was making his final approach
when the plane suddenly plummeted into the ocean (from an altitude
of 2,500 feet). A small bomb placed on the aircraft that exploded
in mid-air may have caused the plane to dive into the ocean. Although
authorities had a radar track of the flight and the Martha’s Vineyard
communication, there was nevertheless a 15 hour delay in "finding"
the plane. When authorities finally announced that the plane had
been located and retrieved, the copilot's seat was gone, a fourth
(flight instructor's) body was not found, and the flight log listing
the persons on board the aircraft was missing. The media reported
and the National Transportation Safety Board concluded that the
crash occurred because JFK, Jr. was a "reckless pilot"
who wanted to "do it alone," without a flight instructor
(see here).
John F. Kennedy, Jr. was 38 years old.

Next year will
be the 50th anniversary of the first Kennedy assassination.
Warren Commission loyalists and the national TV and print media
will be out in force trumpeting the imperial state's Oswald-did-it-alone
narrative. Loyalists take comfort in two books written by attorneys
defending the Commission's findings, Case
Closed
by Gerald Posner (1993) and the more recent 2,600-page
(with its CD) Reclaiming
History
(2007) by Vincent Bugliosi. These lawyers cite evidence
that supports their client's case and discount or ignore culpatory
evidence of a conspiracy. Posner and especially prosecutor Bugliosi
employ ad hominem attacks to dismiss assassination researchers who
do not adhere to the government line, labeling them "conspiracy
theorists," and worse, "conspiracy buffs." Bugliosi
writes, "Most of them are as kooky as a $3 bill." Researcher
Mark Lane is "unprincipled" and a "fraud." The
New York Times approves and gives Reclaiming History
an enthusiastic review, agreeing that "these people should be
ridiculed, even shunned [italics in original]." 

One blogger
puts it this way: "Having been tossed a lone assassin and presented
with an acceptable fable, the press will not go farther and try
to digest the indigestible, to think the unthinkable and to question
Brutus about the removal of Caesar."

The Oswald-centered
Sixth-Floor Museum in the Texas School Book Depository has reserved
and will rope off the grounds in Dealey Plaza for its exclusive
use during a planned week-long 50th Anniversary Commemoration
of the JFK assassination. People there already have been seen wearing
T-shirts that say "Oswald Acted Alone." The education
Americans receive has reduced them to dutifully wearing T-shirts
like this. The state indoctrinates us and does not teach its citizens
to think critically. H.L. Mencken recognized this early on in the
American century of big government and the warfare state. He wrote,
"The aim of public education is not to spread enlightenment
at all; it is simply to reduce as many individuals as possible to
the same level, to a breed of standard citizenry, to put down dissent
and originality." For people so inclined, it would be more
accurate for that T-shirt to read, "The state reigns and tells
us what is true."

The year 2013
will be the 100th Anniversary of the Federal Reserve
and the Income Tax. A progressive personal income tax and a central
bank — the (non-federal, non-reserve) Federal Reserve — that prints
unlimited amounts of legal tender currency, touted as money, has
provided the funds necessary to run a warfare state. As Ron Paul
points out, "It is no coincidence that the century of total
war coincided with the century of central banking."

With President
Kennedy killed and, for good measure, eliminating any possibility
of a peace-pursuing Kennedy dynasty with RFK's assassination and
JFK Jr.'s airplane crash, the military-industrial establishment
was free to pursue its interventionist, pro-war goals unencumbered.
There were less than 17,000 U.S. troops in Vietnam with less than
90 deaths when JFK was assassinated. Had he lived and withdrawn
all U.S. troops from Vietnam as he intended, an additional 58,000
American soldiers would not have died there, 200,000 suicides in
soldiers who had tours of duty there would have been avoided, and
3.8 million Vietnamese soldiers and civilians would not have been
killed. Not much has changed. Soldiers fighting and being traumatized
in the U.S. Empire's current wars continue to have a high rate of
suicide. A recent issue of USA Today blares, "Army suicide
rate in July hits highest one-month tally."

Americans are
entering "a new Orwellian world where the citizen exists for
the state and where raw power justifies any and every immoral act,"
our modern-day Paul Revere, Jim Garrison, warns us. Following the
dissolution of the Soviet Union, the Cold War, originally directed
against communism and the "Soviet threat" has morphed
into Cold War 2.0, focusing on terrorism and the "Muslim threat."
This keeps money flowing into the U.S. war machine, sporting its
latest generation of pilotless drones. The power that the powers
that be in the American warfare state possessed to kill the Kennedys
is now being employed on a weekly basis by President Obama, who
meets each Tuesday morning with his generals and advisers to pick
the people they plan to kill that week, as revealed here.

Following Ron
Paul's lead, the best thing Americans can do in John Kennedy's memory
on the 50th anniversary of his death, and to restore
the fiscal health and sanity of the nation, is end the Fed, repeal
the income tax, radically reduce military spending, and seek peace
between nations, a peace President Kennedy envisioned in his American
University speech half a century ago.

Recommended
Reading, Listening, and Viewing on the Kennedy Assassinations

In addition
to Breach
of Trust: How the Warren Commission Failed the Nation and Why

by Gerald McKnight (2005), three noteworthy books on this subject
written after the Commission issued its findings are: Whitewash:
The Report on the Warren Report
(1965) by Harold
Weisberg, Rush
to Judgment
(1966) by Mark Lane, and Accessories
After the Fact: The Warren Commission, the Authorities & the
Report
(1967) by Sylvia Meagher.

Two books
worth reading along with Inside
the Assassination Records Review Board: The U.S. Government's Final
Attempt to Reconcile the Conflicting Medical Evidence in the Assassination
of JFK
by Douglas Horne (2009) are Assassination
Science: Experts speak out on the death of JFK
(1998) and
Murder
in Dealey Plaza: What we know now that we didn't know then about
the death of JFK
(2000), both edited by James Fetzer. Two
essays that nicely summarize the medical and autopsy evidence in
the case available online are "How
Five Investigations into JFK's Medical/Autopsy Evidence got it Wrong"

by Gary Aguilar, MD and Kathy Cunningham and "The
JFK Autopsy Materials: Twenty Conclusions after Nine Visits"

by David W. Mantik, MD, PhD.

Harvey
and Lee: How the CIA framed Oswald
by John
Armstrong (2003) stands alone.

A
Farewell to Justice: Jim Garrison, JFK’s Assassination, and the
Case That Should Have Changed History
by Joan Mellen (2005)
is a thoroughly researched and riveting account of how a New Orleans
District Attorney and his team took on the CIA and the Federal government
in attempting to bring the real murderers of President Kennedy to
justice. Read also Joan Mellen's more recent companion volume to
A Farewell to Justice titled Jim
Garrison: His Life and Times, the Early Years
(2008).
One is also well rewarded by reading the two books Jim Garrison
wrote, A
Heritage of Stone
(1970) and On
the Trail of the Assassins: My investigation and prosecution of
the murder of President Kennedy
(1988). Two other noteworthy
books on this subject are Let
Justice Be Done
by William Davy (1999) and Destiny
Betrayed: JFK, Cuba, and the Garrison case
by James DiEugenio
(1992). A revised and updated version of Destiny Betrayed will
be published in November, 2012.

Along with
reading JFK
and the Unspeakable: Why He Died and Why it Matters
by
James Douglass (2010), I recommend History
Will Not Absolve Us: Orwellian control, public denial, and the murder
of President Kennedy
by E. Martin Schotz (1996).

Other Books

Cover-up
by Stewart Galanor (1998). A succinct, well written 107-page summary
of the JFK assassination, along with 63 pages of photos, documents,
diagrams, and a witness list. Especially recommended for
readers new to the case. Dr. Aguilar writes, "Stewart Galanor's
eloquent spare volume is a treasure for novice and expert alike.
With understated prose and well-chosen images, Galanor dissects
the core issues that hobble the single assassin thesis."

At the other
end of the spectrum, read, if you can obtain a copy, the 1,771-page
Assassination
of America: The Kennedy Coups d'Etat
, having this subtitle:
The End of an Era, an Examination of the Jim Garrison Investigations,
and the Effects of the Growing Totalitarianism in the Expanding
Hegemonic American Empire. It is divided to three books, separately
titled The Deaths in Dallas, The Masques of New Orleans,
and Barren Harvest (all published in 2006). A fourth
volume contains miscellaneous material and an index (2007). Regarding
the Warren Commission Flammonde writes, "The only thing rarer
than honesty in the investigation was competence." A captivating
read. This book is out of print and available copies are scarce
and, like with Harvey and Lee, expensive.

The
Assassinations: Probe Magazine on JFK, MLK, RFK, and Malcolm X

edited by James DiEugenio and Lisa Pease (2003). A classic work
edited by two leading assassination researchers, which contains
material written by various authors that appeared in their Probe
magazine.

Mary’s
Mosaic: The CIA conspiracy to murder John F. Kennedy, Mary Pinchot
Meyer, and their vision for world peace
by Peter
Janney (2012). Described (by Timothy Leary) as "good looking,
[with] flamboyant eyebrows, piercing green-blue eyes, fine-boned
face. Amused, arrogant, aristrocratic," Mary Meyer was a free
spirit whose former husband was a high-level CIA officer. Lisa Pease
and James DiEugenio trash this book. Nevertheless, I am convinced
that Peter Janney is largely right: JFK did have an affair with
Mary Meyer and the CIA killed her. See Janney's response to these
researchers' criticism here.
Mary Meyer was with JFK at his American University Commencement
Address (Jacqueline was not). This book is worth reading.

Brothers:
the hidden history of the Kennedy years
by David Talbot
(2007). Well written and informative. Scratch the surface of the
Kennedy murders and you'll find the CIA.

Two books on
the RFK Assassination: The
Assassination of Robert F. Kennedy: the conspiracy and coverup

by William Turner and Jonn Christian (1978) and The
Robert F. Kennedy Assassination: New revelations on the conspiracy
and cover-up
by Philip Melanson (1994).

Article:
"Reasoning
about Assassinations: Critical Thinking in Political Contexts"

by James Fetzer (2006). An excellent 10-page analysis of the JFK
case by a philosopher of science and leading assassination researcher
and, published in the International Journal of the Humanities.

Interview:
Don't miss Jim
Garrison’s January 31, 1968, appearance on Johnny Carson’s “Tonight
Show”
on
NBC-TV (audio only, available here).
As one can hear, Garrison outshines Carson. Although Carson obviously
was well coached in his effort to discredit Garrison and his investigation.
As one can hear, the audience sides with Garrison and Carson is
not happy about it.

Video: The
Men Who Killed Kennedy
by Nigel Turner (Parts 1 and 2, 1988;
3-5, 1991; part 6, 1995; and parts 7-9, 2003).

Parts 1
and 2 of this series were first shown in England. A U.S. corporation,
Arts and Entertainment, purchased them and produced four more
parts. Parts 7-9 followed and were aired on the History Channel
in November 2003 and then quickly withdrawn and suppressed. Parts
1-6 are available on
DVD
but not parts 7- 9. The entire nine-part series, however,
is now available on YouTube. Part 1, "Coup
D'Etat,"
covers the events in Dallas on the weekend of
the shooting; Parts 2 and 3, "The
Forces of Darkness"
and "The
Cover-Up"
present a variety of witnesses and commentators;
Part 4, "The
Patsy,"
focuses on Lee Harvey Oswald; Part 5, "The
Witnesses
," on James Hosty and Ruth Paine, among others;
and Part 6, "The
Truth Shall Make You Free"
interviews Marina Oswald and
the HSCA's first deputy counsel Robert Tannenbaum, and others.

Banned segments:

 

Part 7, "The
Smoking Guns,"
discusses Secret Service complicity in
the assassination, the integrity of the medical evidence, and
the bullet hole in the windshield. The bullet hole is not visible
on the low resolution YouTube video, but Douglas Horne says that
one can see it on a high-quality DVD of this segment (which I
do not have). One witness, Dr. Evalea Glanges, tells an interviewer
that, as a medical student, shortly after the assassination she
saw a well-defined round, through-and-through bullet hole in the
windshield of the Presidential limousine parked at the hospital.

Part 8,
"The
Love Affair"
features Judyth Baker talking about her relationship
with Lee Harvey Oswald and their connection with Dr. Alton Oschner,
David Ferrie, and Guy Banister. In her book Me
and Lee: How I came to know, love, and lose Lee Harvey Oswald

(2010), Judyth Vary Baker tells how they worked together at
the Reily Coffee Company in New Orleans in the summer of 1963.
She recounts how Oswald worked with her as a courier on a covert
CIA project to develop a cancer-causing virus, to be used to kill
Castro in what would be a seemingly natural way and not arouse
suspicion. Baker's account becomes more fanciful when she says
that (her) Lee Harvey Oswald went to Mexico and drove places with
her; but the Oswald she worked with at the Reily Coffee Company
and who allegedly shot JFK was Harvey Oswald. He did not go to
Mexico and didn't drive. Having Oswald carry a cancer-causing
monkey virus to Mexico to kill Castro right before Kennedy is
assassinated beggars belief.

Part 9,
"The
Guilty Men,"
indicts Lyndon Johnson on questionable evidence
for allegedly conspiring to kill President Kennedy. It is generally
thought that these last three segments were banned because Part
9 accuses President Johnson of playing a role in the crime. But
seeing a bullet hole in the Presidential limousine's windshield
in Part 7 is perhaps the main reason why the History Channel was
persuaded to ban these three 2003 segments and not make a high-quality
DVD for commercial release.

Films

 

The
Plot to Kill JFK: Rush to Judgment
(1967) by Emile
de Antonio and Mark Lane (available on VHS and YouTube).
Mark Lane interviews witnesses crucial to the case.

Executive
Action
(1973) with Burt Lancaster (DVD and Amazon
Instant Video) is based on Mark Lane's book Rush to Judgment.
The plotters who order JFK's assassination in the film are "business
titans and cast-iron traditionalists," powers that be who are
disgusted with the way Kennedy is steering the country by promoting
civil rights, intending to withdraw American troops from Vietnam,
and seeking to end the Cold War.

The
Parallax View
(1974) with Warren Beatty (DVD and
Amazon Instant Video). A chilling account of what happens to people
who witness a political assassination and see too much.

JFK:
Director's Cut
(Two-Disc Special Edition, 1991) Oliver Stone,
Director; with actors Kevin Costner (playing Jim Garrison), Gary
Oldman, Sissy Spacek, Donald Sutherland, Jack Lemmon, Joe Pesci,
Walter Matthau, Tommy Lee Jones, and Kevin Bacon. Be sure to watch
the 207-minute Director's Special Edition, with its extra footage
of "X" (Donald Sutherland playing Colonel Fletcher Prouty)
talking to Garrison and telling him why the powers that be in the
military-industrial-intelligence complex ordered Kennedy's assassination
and an uncut version of Garrison's courtroom summation of the CIA's
complicity in the case. This film is a crucial historical
document. Scorned by the establishment media and government, it
identifies the true murderers of President Kennedy. As Oliver Stone
makes clear in JFK, President Kennedy's death was a state
execution. JFK:
The book of the film
contains the screenplay by Oliver Stone
and Zachary Sklar, reactions and commentaries, and research notes
used for the film.

Websites

Two sites focus
on the JFK, RFK, and Martin Luther King assassinations: www.ctka.net,
CTKA: Citizens for Truth about the Kennedy Assassination and www.maryferrell.org,
The Mary Ferrell Foundation: Preserving the Legacy.

And then there
is www.blackopradio.com,
where every Thursday night for a couple of hours Len Osanic, in
Vancouver, B.C., interviews assassination researchers. Listeners
can download the latest show on their iPods and access archived
shows dating back to 2000. The interviews with Joan Mellen (shows
264 and 382), Gerald McKnight (355), and Jim Douglas (369, 372,
374-5, and 377) are especially notable and well worth listening
to.

August 21, 2012

Donald
Miller
(send him mail)
is a cardiac surgeon and Professor of Surgery at the University
of Washington School of Medicine in Seattle. He is a member of Doctors
for Disaster Preparedness
and writes articles on a variety
of subjects for LewRockwell.com. His web site is www.donaldmiller.com

The
Best of Donald Miller

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